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11.07.2019Skrifleg yfirlýsing um Xinjiang

<p><span>Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands í mannréttindaráðinu, er meðal þeirra tuttugu og tveggja sem undirrita skriflega yfirlýsingu um stöðu mannréttinda í Xinjiang-ríki í Kína til forseta mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna sem dagsett er 8. júlí 2019.</span></p> <p>Erindið má sjá <a href="/lisalib/getfile.aspx?itemid=9f86a2c7-a3d2-11e9-9445-005056bc530c" target="_blank">hér</a>&nbsp;(pdf skjal)</p>

11.07.2019Ávarp í upphafi atkvæðagreiðslu um ályktun um Filippseyjar

<p>Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands, flutti eftirfarandi ræðu við upphaf atkvæðagreiðslu í mannréttindaráðinu í dag, 11. júlí 2019, en þá gerði hann grein fyrir því hvers vegna Ísland legði fram ályktun um mannréttindaástand á Filippseyjum og hvers vegna nauðsynlegt væri að samþykkja slíka ályktun.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: left;"><strong>Introduction of draft resolution L.20 by Iceland:</strong></p> <p style="text-align: left;"><strong>Promotion and protection of human rights in the Philippines</strong></p> <p style="text-align: left;"><strong>Geneva 11 July 2019</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Thank you, Mr. President.</p> <p>I have the honor to introduce draft resolution L.20 entitled “Promotion and protection of human rights in the Philippines”.</p> <p>Both the former and current High Commissioners for Human Rights have repeatedly raised concerns about the increase in violence and impunity in the Philippines. This Council session, High Commissioner Bachelet noted the extraordinarily high number of reported deaths and persistent reports of extrajudicial killings in the context of campaigns against drug use.</p> <p>In the past three years, Special Procedure mandate holders have issued thirty-three statements on the Philippines. Thirty-three. </p> <p>Most recently, eleven special rapporteurs jointly called for an independent investigation into human rights violations in the Philippines, citing a sharp deterioration in the situation across the country, including sustained attacks on people and institutions defending human rights. </p> <p>UN treaty bodies and the Philippines’s own National Human Rights Institution have expressed similar concerns.</p> <p>Indeed, concerns have been so serious that both the Executive Director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime and the UN Secretary-General have condemned the apparent endorsement of extrajudicial killings of suspected drug dealers in the Philippines. </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>We bring this resolution not because we seek confrontation. That is never Iceland’s preferred approach. We have tried to engage constructively on this issue for more than two years. Since 2017, Iceland has led three joint statements on the Philippines in the Council, expressing our serious concern while maintaining dialogue with the Philippines delegation. </p> <p>We have engaged with the Philippines bilaterally over the past two years at Ministerial, Ambassadorial, Deputy and Expert level on this issue and we have remained open to constructive engagement and dialogue throughout.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>As a new member of the Council last year, Iceland pledged to address human rights concerns on their merits, applying objective criteria in determining if a situation warrants Council action in a non-politicized, non-selective and objective manner. We have put forward a balanced text with a very modest ask – simply requesting the High Commissioner to prepare a report for discussion by June next year. </p> <p>We discuss the need to prevent and respond to violations on a regular basis in this Council. But all too often our words are not borne out by our acts. If we cannot respond in a serious way to the repeated calls for action by the mechanisms of this Council, by the High Commissioner for Human Rights and even the UN Secretary General, then when <span style="text-decoration: underline;">can</span> we respond?</p> <p>We thank all delegations for their constructive engagement during the informal consultations and I hope that this draft can be adopted with the support of all members of this Council.</p> <p>I thank you, Mr. President. </p>

09.07.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Lýðstjórnarlýðveldið Kongó

<p><span>Fulltrúi Svíþjóðar flutti ávarp í dag í mannréttindaráðinu fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna í umræðum um Lýðstjórnarlýðveldið Kongó. Átök geisuðu í Kasaï héraði landsins á árunum 2016-2017 og voru bæði börn og konur sérlega berskjölduð fyrir ofbeldi. Mikilvægt er að viðeigandi aðilar verði sóttir til saka og settar verði af stað aðgerðaráætlanir sem stuðla að öryggi og jafnrétti í landinu.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="border-width: medium; border-style: none; padding: 0cm; border-image: none; text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Enhanced interactive dialogue on the Democratic Republic of the Congo</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Mr/Madame Chair,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">I have the honor to make this statement on behalf of the Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and my own country Sweden.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">The violence in the Kasaï-regions in 2016-2017 particularly affected children, and many women were subjected to sexual violence – often repeatedly. Given the HRC’s call for accountability, it is alarming that none of these crimes have been taken to court and that the few ongoing investigations do not reflect the full range of committed crimes. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Regarding the brutal murders of UN Experts Zaida Catalán and Michael Sharp in 2017, we are encouraged by reports of progress and better cooperation with the UN Follow-on Mechanisms by the Congolese investigation. We welcome the mechanism’s extension under Mr. Petit. These killings </span><span style="font-size: 14pt;">must be fully and thoroughly investigated and all those responsible brought to justice</span><span style="font-size: 14pt;">.&nbsp; </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">We call for the DRC authorities to ensure that <em>all </em>perpetrators of the Kasaï violence, including those belonging to state security forces and all militia factions, are held accountable</span><span style="font-size: 14pt;">.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">To address the root causes of ongoing violence, and for reconciliation processes, it is paramount to ensure women’s full and effective participation. At the UPR we made strong recommendations in the areas of protecting children, combatting sexual and gender-based violence, women peace and security, SRHR and ending discriminatory practices against women. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">We are encouraged by the new President’s messaging regarding the importance of gender equality for the future of the DRC. Important action plans are in place. They must now be financed and implemented. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Madame High Commissioner, what is your view of the status of action plans on women, peace and security, and combatting sexual violence?</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">I thank you. </span></p>

09.07.2019Ávarp í umræðum um Súdan

<p><span>Þorvarður Atli Þórsson, sendiráðunautur, flutti í dag ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu í umræðum um Súdan. 5. júlí síðastliðinn náðist samkomulag milli mótmælenda og leiðtoga súdanska hersins eftir mótmæli víða um land á síðustu mánuðum. </span></p> <p><span>&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">Enhanced interactive dialogue-Sudan</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;"></span></p> <p style="text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">9 July 2019</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;"></span></p> <p style="text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">Statement by Iceland</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;"></span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">Madame Vice-President,</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">Iceland welcomes this enhanced interactive dialogue on the Situation in the Sudan as timely and thanks the speakers for their interventions and updates shared. </span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">The Sudanese people are entitled to express their opinions, and – like people everywhere – they have a right to live in freedom and at peace, enjoying the rule of law and the conditions necessary to dignity.</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">The response of the Sudanese security forces to the recent peaceful popular uprising in the country was deeply troubling. </span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">Recent news of an agreement being reached are therefore welcome, it was important to bring a peaceful end to the stalemate and bring the country on path towards elections. We would like to express our appreciation here for the efforts of the African Union and Ethiopia in supporting this agreement. </span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">We are particularly pleased that the agreement includes a transparent and independent investigation into violence perpetrated during this protest. We need to ensure that those responsible for the deaths of over a reported 100 protestors and for the alleged rape and sexual abuse of both women and men, including female medical personnel working in the hospitals near the site of the attack on 3rd June, be brought to justice.</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">We continue to monitor the development in the Sudan and have high hopes that this is an important first step towards a democratic and free Sudan.</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">I thank you.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">&nbsp;</span></p>

08.07.2019Ávarp um heimsmarkmiðin og valdeflingu kvenna

<p><span>Fastafulltrúi Eistlands, Andre Pung, flutti ávarp í dag fyrir hönd NB8 ríkjanna, þ.m.t. Íslands, í mannréttindaráðinu. Í ávarpinu var mikilvægi Vínaryfirlýsingunnar ítrekað, sem og mikilvægi þess að valdefla konur til að ná markmiðum Sameinuðu þjóðanna um sjálfbæra þróun. </span></p> <p><span>&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px -19px 0px -37.79px; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Human Rights Council 41<sup>st</sup> Session. </span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px -19px 0px -37.79px; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Item 8: General Debate</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px -19px 0px -37.79px; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;"><span style="margin: 0px;"></span>8 July 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px -19px 0px -37.79px; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong><span lang="EN-GB" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Nordic-Baltic Intervention by&nbsp;<br /> H.E. Ambassador Andre Pung, Estonia</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;"><br /> Mr. President, </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">This statement is made on behalf of the Nordic and Baltic countries: Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and my own country, Estonia.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">The VDPA states that the promotion and protection of human rights is a matter of priority for the international community. With the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, all states expressed their determination to take the bold and transformative steps, which are urgently needed, to build peaceful, just and inclusive societies based on respect for human rights. To reach the 17 goals national human rights institutions play an important role in spreading awareness of human rights obligations and ensuring the participation of different stakeholders in realizing the human rights of all, achieving gender equality and women and girls’ right to decide freely over their own body, as envisioned in the 2030 agenda. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">It is well-established that gender-based violence, inequalities concerning education, and legal and cultural barriers hinder women’s economic empowerment. Whether in the formal or informal economic sector, these inequalities impact the economic opportunities of women across the world. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">When women work, productivity increases, diversification improves, and economies grow. Equality is a strength and states that have embraced gender equality in the workforce enjoy rising wealth and more competitive economies. Female innovation and leadership has fueled recent developments in industries ranging from organic produce to genomics and self-driving cars. Across industries, wealth gaps, and borders, women make significant contributions when given the chance, and communities and states thrive because of it.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">In conclusion, it is our common responsibility to acknowledge and tackle the current inequalities in women’s and girls’ enjoyment of all human rights and do all we can to level the playing field. Achieving gender equality and realizing women and girls’ rights, including their sexual and reproductive right, are the key to reach the 2030 sustainable development goals. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Thank you!</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

05.07.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Venesúela

<p><span>Þorvarður Atli Þórsson, sendiráðunautur, flutti ávarp 5. júlí 2019 í mannréttindaráðinu í umræðu um Venesúela. Í ávarpinu voru áhyggjur yfir ástandi í landinu ítrekaðar, sem og nauðsyn þess að halda lýðræðislegar kosningar. Um 4 milljón manns hafa neyðst til að flýja land, meðal annars í leit að skjóli, fæðu og heilbrigðisþjónustu. </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">Enhanced Dialogue on Venezuela</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;"></span></p> <p style="text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">5 July 2019</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;"></span></p> <p style="text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">Statement by Iceland</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;"></span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">Thank you Mr. President,&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-size: 14pt;">We thank the High Commissioner for her report. Iceland welcomes the recent steps taken by the Government of Venezuela, to invite the High Commissioner to the country and to agree to OHCHR presence. We count on the Government to ensure that this team of human rights officers is able to monitor the human rights situation in Venezuela in accordance with their mandate. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">However, we continue to be extremely concerned over the situation in Venezuela and the report regrettably provides little reason for optimism. The humanitarian situation has deteriorated greatly in recent months and years, with ordinary people deprived of the rights to food, water, decent healthcare, education, as well as other economic and social rights. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Mr. President, </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">The Government of Venezuela has unfortunately failed in its responsibility to provide these basic human rights. People´s political rights have been violated repeatedly also. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">We are shocked by the death in custody of retired navy Captain Rafael Acosta Arévalo on 29 June, allegedly after being tortured. The Government of Venezuela must conduct a thorough, impartial and transparent investigation into this death and bring justice to those responsible for his death.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">The numbers tell a very clear story of the consequences of the actions of the authorities: nearly 4 million Venezuelans, more than 10% of the population have fled in recent years. In June alone, almost 8000 crossed the border daily.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Iceland supports the efforts of Norway to find a political solution that would resolve the current situation. The people of Venezuela deserve a fresh start after years of devastation under the rule of President Maduro and his party. Human rights and fundamental freedoms must be respected, and it is imperative that democratic elections be held as soon as possible.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">I thank you.</span></p>

03.07.2019Ávarp í umræðu um lönd sem þarfnast sérstakrar athugunar

<p><span>Fulltrúi Perú flutti í dag ávarp fyrir hönd LIMA ríkjanna og 38 annarra ríkja, þ.m.t. Íslands, í umræðu um ástand mannréttinda í Venesúela. </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">41th session of the Human Rights Council</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">General debate under item 4</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">The human rights situation in Venezuela</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 19.33px 0px 0px; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 19.33px 0px 0px; text-align: center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Joint Statement<span style="margin: 0px;">&nbsp; </span></span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px 19.33px 0px 0px; text-align: center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px 19.33px 0px 0px; text-align: center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">3<sup>rd</sup> July 2019 </span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Mr. President, </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 24px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 48px; text-align: justify; text-indent: -36pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">•<span style="font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: normal; font-size: 7pt; line-height: normal; margin: 0px; font-stretch: normal; font-family: 'Times New Roman';">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">I make this statement on behalf of 52 States, which are deeply concerned about the serious violations and abuses of human rights in Venezuela.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 24px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 48px; text-align: justify; text-indent: -36pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">•<span style="font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: normal; font-size: 7pt; line-height: normal; margin: 0px; font-stretch: normal; font-family: 'Times New Roman';">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">In her recent visit to the country, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights heard testimony about the existence of torture in detention centers, of persons detained for having exercised their civil and political rights, of the violence experienced at the hands of security forces, as well as of impunity and unreliable access to justice. We call for the full respect for the life, physical integrity, and freedom of all Venezuelans.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 48px; text-align: justify; text-indent: -36pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">•<span style="font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: normal; font-size: 7pt; line-height: normal; margin: 0px; font-stretch: normal; font-family: 'Times New Roman';">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">The humanitarian crisis continues to worsen in Venezuela and the <s>vast</s> majority of people’s needs go unmet, including access to adequate food, water and education.<span style="margin: 0px;">&nbsp; </span>The Venezuelan people must receive international humanitarian aid to alleviate their suffering, in accordance with humanitarian principles. Nearly 4 million Venezuelans, more than 10% of the population have fled in recent years. In June alone, almost 8000 crossed the border daily.&nbsp;Despite the increased pressure, host countries, most of which are in the region, are making considerable and commendable efforts to provide Venezuelans with access to basic services. &nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 48px; text-align: justify; text-indent: -36pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">•<span style="font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: normal; font-size: 7pt; line-height: normal; margin: 0px; font-stretch: normal; font-family: 'Times New Roman';">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">The right to health is particularly precarious: the shortage of medicines and equipment, the exodus of health professionals, the deterioration of water quality and sanitation, as well as frequent power outages, contribute to a critical situation. The magnitude remains unknown due to a lack of official information as well as independent and country-wide needs assessments.&nbsp;But there is evidence of repercussions: once eradicated diseases have reappeared in the region on account of the collapse of the Venezuelan health system.&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 24px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Mr. President,</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 48px; text-align: justify; text-indent: -36pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">•<span style="font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: normal; font-size: 7pt; line-height: normal; margin: 0px; font-stretch: normal; font-family: 'Times New Roman';">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">We will continue to monitor the human rights situation in Venezuela. In this context, our countries look forward to the presentation of the High Commissioner’s report on July 5.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 24px; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 0px 48px; text-align: justify; text-indent: -36pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #1f497d;">•<span style="font-style: normal; font-variant-ligatures: normal; font-variant-caps: normal; font-weight: normal; font-size: 7pt; line-height: normal; margin: 0px; font-stretch: normal; font-family: 'Times New Roman';">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">We reaffirm that it is only through a peaceful political solution, including by holding free and fair presidential elections, framed by the Constitution, international law and the people themselves, that Venezuelans will regain their full enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms.<span style="margin: 0px; color: black;"> In this respect, we reiterate our support</span><span style="margin: 0px; color: #1f497d;"> to all efforts underway towards this goal.</span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">&nbsp;</span></p>

02.07.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Sýrland

<p><span>Fulltrúi Svíþjóðar flutti ávarp fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna, þ.m.t. Íslands, í mannréttindaráðinu þann 2. júlí 2019 í umræðum um Sýrland. </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;">Interactive Dialogue with the Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;">Human Rights Council 41 session </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;">2 July 2019</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;">Joint Statement by the Nordic Countries</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri;">I have the honor to make this statement on behalf of the Nordic countries, [Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden].</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri;">The continued flagrant disregard for international law in Syria, in particular by the Syrian regime and its allies, is appalling. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri;">The people of Syria continue to be killed, maimed, arbitrarily detained, tortured, raped and displaced. While the international community has been unable to stop the brutal and systematic violence and human rights violations and abuses, our efforts and calls for cessation of hostilities, full humanitarian access, respect for international law and accountability, must continue. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri;">The situation in Idlib, with the regime’s and its allies’ indiscriminate bombardment of civilians and civilian infrastructure, including schools and hospitals, is horrific. We strongly condemn the systematic and brutal attacks against civilians and call on the parties to the conflict, in particular the regime and its allies, to immediately cease hostilities and live up to their obligations under international law. We also call on the parties to the ceasefire agreement to honor their commitments and ensure that the ceasefire is reinstated.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri;">While condemning the ongoing horrors in Idlib, we must, never forget previous atrocities carried out in places like Eastern Ghouta, Aleppo and Homs. Our efforts for justice and accountability continue, as does our unwavering support for the CoI, IIIM, and all courageous human rights defenders in Syria who are risking their lives to bring justice and accountability. Because one day there must be justice, the atrocities and serious violations of international law cannot and will not be subject to impunity.<span style="margin: 0px;">&nbsp; </span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 16px; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri;">Thank you.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0px 0px 10.66px;"><span lang="FI" style="margin: 0px; font-family: Calibri;">&nbsp;</span></p>

02.07.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Erítreu

<span></span> <p style="text-align: left;"><span>Þorvarður Atli Þórsson, sendiráðunautur, flutti ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu 2. júlí 2019 í umræðum með sérstökum skýrslugjafa mannréttindaráðsins í málefnum Erítreu. </span></p> <p style="text-align: left;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Eritrea </span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">2 July 2018</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Statement by Iceland</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Mr. President, </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteur for her report and for identifying benchmarks for improving the situation of human rights in Eritrea.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">We welcome the continued progress made towards achieving a sustainable peace between Eritrea and Ethiopia, and Eritrean efforts to improve relations to neighbors in the region. We also welcome Eritrea’s engagement in the UPR earlier this year and efforts to ban harmful practices, such as female genital mutilation, and to end child marriage.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">We regret that this positive momentum has not translated into much needed domestic reforms. For progress to be made, human rights must be front and center. Comprehensive reforms at the domestic level are urgently needed in order to move towards a free, just and democratic society.</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">We also regret that during the period under review, the Special Rapporteur was not given access to Eritrea to conduct in-country visits. While we welcome the meeting between the Special Rapporteur and the delegation of Eritrea, we urge the Government of Eritrea to fully cooperate with the Special Rapporteur and to grant her access to the country. We also encourage Eritrea to sign the pledge by which new members commit to strengthening the work of the Council through good practice and by promoting a safe and enabling environment for human rights. </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">In conclusion, we would like to ask the Special Rapporteur how women’s participation in the Government’s current initiatives to promote regional peace and security can be increased? </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">I thank you.</span></p>

28.06.2019Ávarp forsætisráðherra um launajafnrétti, hinsegin réttindi og réttinn til heilnæms umhverfis

<p>Katrín Jakobsdóttir, forsætisráðherra, ávarpaði mannréttindaráðið þann 27. júní 2019. Í ávarpi sínu ræddi forsætisráðherra um launajafnrétti sem réttindamál, hinsegin réttindi og réttinn til heilnæms umhverfis. Þá ræddi hún einnig um þróun jafnréttismála í heiminum þar sem hún lagði áherslu á mikilvægi þess að standa vörð um þau réttindi sem áunnist hefðu.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Statement by the Prime Minister of Iceland&nbsp;<br /> to the UN Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p ><br /> Mr./Madam President,</p> <p>In Iceland one of the first thing we do when we wake up is to check the weather. We look to the sky, open our windows to assess how the day will go and breath in the brisk air. The weather impacts many aspects of our daily lives. For previous generations, the weather of the day could be a best friend, or a worst enemy, determining not only the quality of life in the weeks to come, but sometimes also life itself.</p> <p>We are very much aware of our connection to our environment.</p> <p>Sometimes we need to be shielded from it, a reality that is becoming sharper every year for millions around the world. We depend on the environment, and the environment depends on us. This is a truth and it is becoming ever more pressing.<br /> <br /> </p> <p>Mr./Madam President,</p> <p>We all have the right to a safe, healthy and clean environment. It is also a right that underpins many of our other human rights. Our right to life can be violated with environmental pollution and climate change. Our right to food, water, sanitation and health all depend on us achieving the right to a healthy environment.</p> <p > I have, in collaboration with other political parties, proposed two changes to the Icelandic Constitution that will solidify this right. The first amendment will clearly state that the natural resources of Iceland belong to the Icelandic people and their utilization shall always be sustainable.&nbsp;</p> <p > The other will reconfirm the right of all to a healthy environment and to have access to information and take part in public decision making on environmental matters.<br /> <br /> With this change the right to a healthy environment will be firmly enshrined in the Icelandic constitution and will guide our approach for decades to come. We carry a joint responsibility for protecting our environment, not only so we can sustain ourselves, but also to sustain future generations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr./Madam President,</p> <p>This Council cannot stand by as the world deals with monumental changes to our environment. I believe therefore that it is this Council to formally recognize the right to a safe, healthy and clean environment and our common responsibility to maintain it for future generations. I commit my Government´s support to this effort.<br /> <br /> <br /> Mr./Madam President,</p> <p>Close to 70 years ago, countries of the world gathered here in Geneva to develop an instrument to ensure that all individuals should be fairly and equally remunerated for work of equal value. This principle, enshrined in the Constitution of the International Labour Organization, was later reaffirmed through the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.</p> <p>Despite this resolve, gender inequality and structural discrimination persist in all societies.&nbsp;<br /> A striking example is the fact that no country has yet managed to ensure equal pay for work of equal value.</p> <p > Across all regions, countries and sectors, women are paid less than men – with estimates of a global wage gap of up to 20%.</p> <p > Regrettably, progress to tackle this inequality has been painfully slow.<br /> We need to step up our efforts.</p> <p > We need to develop laws, policies and frameworks to ensure that the equal pay principle is not only duly recognized in law, but that the law translates into practice.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Last year, a groundbreaking equal pay law entered to force in Iceland. The new legislation makes Iceland the first country in the world to require employers to obtain certification on the basis of an equal pay management requirement standard. By doing so, the responsibility of ensuring equal pay was moved from the employee to the employer.<br /> <br /> We must also recognize the various factors that contribute to pay inequality.<br /> <br /> An underrecognized factor is unpaid care work and domestic work, which is unfairly distributed in the household. Addressing this imbalance is important, not only to achieve more substantive equality, but also as this reinforces a negative chain reaction. Imbalances of responsibilities in the home have consequences for women’s participation in public life as well their professional development and ability to undertake full time work. Women’s economic independence is a key to gender equality at large and also an extremely important tool to work towards the elimination of all forms of violence against women and girls.&nbsp;</p> <p > Public policies can lead the way. In Iceland, we have seen the positive impact of parental leave with a dedicated share for fathers. Up to90 % of fathers use their earmarked three-month entitlements of paternity leave. Recent studies indicate that parents now share the care of young children more equally than before. Along with universal childcare, parental leave has created a social infrastructure that strengthens women’s position at work and enables them to take part in public life.&nbsp;</p> <p > Research also confirms that parental leave has changed traditional ideas about masculinities among young people. This indicates that prior to the introduction of shared parental leave, the relatively low participation of men in the care of their own children may have been due to the lack of opportunities, rather than the lack of interest or abilities.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Finally, we have created the conditions under which women are not forced to choose between having a family and having a career.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr./Madam President,</p> <p>We are constantly reminded that human rights do not always follow a linear path. Currently, previous victories on women’s reproductive freedom are under threat in far too many places. Women’s bodies are being re-politicized and debates that should have been over decades ago are emerging again. In the field of violence against women new phenomena have emerged, such as sexist hate speech, misogyny and online violence. LGBTIQ+ rights are also under threat – we hear that equality has moved too fast.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> This comes at the same time as the #metoo movement continues to expose the systematic harassment, violence and everyday sexism that women across various layers of our societies are subjected to. Governments and international organizations have an important role to play. We should unite to push back on the backlash and ensure that women’s rights are never sidelined or sacrificed in the game of local and global politics.&nbsp;</p> <p > Mr./Madam President,</p> <p>Iceland, with the support of other members of the Equal Pay International Coalition, has decided to put forward a Council resolution that will underline the human rights framework that underpins the fundamental rights nature of equal pay.<br /> <br /> It will highlight that failing to economically empower women and girls through equal pay has a negative long-term impact on economies, social justice, sustainable development and States ability to realize human rights. We ask for your support for this important resolution and we look forward to our continuing collaboration to ensure women’s liberation and equality for all genders.&nbsp;</p> <p>I thank you, Mr./Madam President.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

28.06.2019Ávarp í umræðu um loftslagsbreytingar og kvenréttindi

<p><span>Andre Pung, fastafulltrúi Eistlands, flutti ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna, þ.m.t. Íslands, og Eystrasaltslandanna 28. júní sl. í umræðum um loftlagsbreytingar og kvenréttindi. </span></p> <p><span>&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Human Rights Council 41<sup>st</sup> Session</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Panel discussion on women’s rights and climate change: climate action, good practices and lessons learned</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">28 June 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Nordic-Baltic Intervention by H.E. Ambassador Andre Pung, Estonia</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Mr. President,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">On behalf of the </span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Nordic and Baltic countries - Latvia, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Lithuania, Norway, Denmark, and my own country, Estonia</span><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">, allow me to express my sincere appreciation for bringing the needed focus of the Council to the threat of climate change and its impact on women and girls. Everyone in this room is affected by climate change—or will be soon. However, to our mothers, daughters, and sisters, climate change carries the additional threat of increasing gender inequalities. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">The range of economic and human rights risks associated with climate change are real and felt by all of us. However, women and girls of all ages often are the most critically affected. Women are also often more dependent on natural resources for sustaining their livelihood in general. For example, in many communities around the world where dependable irrigation is a distant dream and clean water is a precious commodity, women and girls bear the primary, and often dangerous, burden of finding drinking/potable water. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">This reality demands a new approach. The opportunities of modern technologies should be fully used to address these problems, including in the least developed and small island states. The UN Security Council can do its part by taking a systematic approach in considering climate change as a cause and multiplier in conflict situations.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">In conclusion, it is all of our responsibility to acknowledge the disastrous and threatening consequences of climate change and do all we can to combat what has been called an existential threat. Let me assure you that the NB8 countries are fully committed to the promotion of gender-responsive climate action and giving women and girls a voice. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 12pt;">Thank you!</span></p>

28.06.2019Ávarp í umræðu um réttindi og efnahagslega valdeflingu eldri kvenna

<p><span>Fulltrúi Litháen flutti ávarp þann 28. júní 2019 fyrir hönd NB8 ríkjanna, þ.m.t. Íslands, í umræðu um mannréttindi kvenna þar sem réttindi eldri kvenna og efnahagsleg valdefling þeirra var til umræðu. </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">41<sup>st <span></span></sup>session of the Human Rights Council</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">NORDIC – BALTIC STATEMENT</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Delivered by Lithuania</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Annual full-day discussion on the human rights of women</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Panel 2: The rights of older women and their economic empowerment</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">28 June 2019</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Madam High Commissioner, Madam Vice-President, Distinguished Panellists,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the Nordic and Baltic countries [Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Norway, Sweden and my own country, Lithuania].</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">We thank the organisers for this panel discussion as it highlights the issue of the rights of older women, which despite its importance, is very often forgotten.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Population ageing is a global trend that will affect all regions in the world, both developed and developing countries. Facing this demographic shift, we need to be able to adequately adapt and ensure the protection of older persons’ enjoyment of human rights. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">We already see that older persons are very often overlooked in the national and international legislation and policymaking, which leads to limited and fragmented response to the older persons’ human rights situation. Older women’s rights are even more disregarded. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Intrinsic gender inequalities and discrimination against women have a disproportionate and cumulative impact on older women’s rights. Older women are more vulnerable not only to violence and abuse, but also to economic hardship and more likely to live in poverty. Discrimination as well as pay and pension gaps persist into older age leading to lower income and social benefits, such as lack of affordable health care. While women in general spend more time than men on unpaid care and domestic work, research shows that older women are spending twice as much time as older men performing such tasks, while providing care for their children and grandchildren, spouses/partners or elderly parents and relatives. In some countries, older women spend more than four hours a day on unpaid work – more than double the time older men spend on the same activities. Yet, this unpaid work usually remains unrecognized and older women remain marginalised and disadvantaged. Although women’s economic empowerment has been&nbsp; receiving increasing attention from the international community, especially since the adoption of SDGs, the older women’s rights in practice are still invisible to policymakers, both at national and global levels.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">We would be interested to hear the views of the panellists: what could be done to increase the visibility of issues that older women face?</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Times New Roman,serif; font-size: 13pt;">I thank you.</span></p>

27.06.2019Ræða forsætisráðherra í Mannréttindaráði Sameinuðu þjóðanna

<p><span>Katrín Jakobsdóttir, forsætisráðherra, flutti ræðu í umræðum í mannréttindaráðinu um mannréttindi kvenna miðvikudaginn 27. júní 2019. </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Annual full-day discussion on the human rights of women</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Panel 1: Violence against women in the world of work</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Statement by the </span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Prime Minister of Iceland</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Her Excellency Katrin Jakobsdottir</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Geneva, 27 June 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">Ms / Mr. President, </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">Next year we celebrate the 75</span><sup><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">th</span></sup><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;"> anniversary of the United Nations. The commitment to gender equality was established in the UN Charter, promoting human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction as to race, sex, language or religion. At the time of signing only 4 of the 160 signatories to the Charter were women. While this number would be higher today, women are still far from achieving equality to political participation and women are still distant from vital decision-making that heavily impacts their lives. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">The first World Women’s Conference in Mexico in 1975 was a landmark conference and lead us to our first World Plan of Action. In Iceland, more than </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">25 thousand women took the day off in October that same year to emphasize the importance of their contribution to the economy, both in paid and unpaid work. Near 80% of Icelandic women are now active in the paid labour force and their contribution has been decisive in ensuring economic growth and development in our country. Iceland has ranked at the top </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">of the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index for ten consecutive years. </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">We are proud of our achievements, but also aware of the numerous remaining challenges to fully close the gender gap. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">We have come a long way since Mexico in 1975 and it is clear to us that the Beijing Platform for Action from 1995 has played a decisive role in assisting us on that path. </span></p> <p><span style="border: currentcolor; font-size: 14pt; color: black;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Yet, we are constantly reminded that human rights have not followed a linear path. The backlashes have been far too many. Currently, previous victories on women’s reproductive freedom are under threat in far too many places. Women’s bodies are being re-politicized and debates that should have been over decades ago are emerging again. In the field of violence against women new phenomena have emerged, such as sexist hate speech, misogyny and online violence.&nbsp; LGBTIQ+ rights are also under threat – we hear that equality has moved too fast. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">This comes at the same time as the #metoo movement continues to expose the systematic harassment, violence and everyday sexism that women across various layers of our societies are subjected to. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">The demands of the voices who spoke up were clear: that women should be able to take part in public life and in the labor market without the ongoing threat of sexual and gender-based violence and harassment. They did not focus on an individual person or on a singular crime, but instead highlighted the structural nature of harassment and violence and its links to wider inequalities. The demand was for structural solutions and accountability by employers, unions, authorities and perpetrators. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="border: currentcolor; font-size: 14pt; color: black;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">The struggle against violence and sexual harassment against women has for decades been central within the women’s movement and therefore the explosive power of #MeToo came to some as a surprise. The novelty lies in the enormous participation, wide-ranging solidarity, international impact and the speed of information flow on social media. Whether the impact of all the various voices will be sustainable enough to break the wall of silence which has prevailed for centuries remains to be answered. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">It can however be argued that this wave of the women’s movement has provided the gender equality struggle with a political momentum which has had a deep effect on our conception on gender. The MeToo movement has already delivered undisputed results – both in terms of social recognition and public awareness of the prevalence of sexual harassment and violence. Never before have governments, educational institutions and employers had to deal with this problem in its true scale. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; color: #222222;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: #232323;">Ms / Mr. President,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Governments, as well as international organizations, can slow down societal change, even stop it. Alternatively, they can facilitate change, and in some instances, lead the way. I am determined to do the latter. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="border: currentcolor; font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: black;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="border: currentcolor; font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: black;">Violence against women is both the cause and the consequence of wider gender inequalities, and we are committed to developing a better understanding of the revelations of the #MeToo movement, at home and away. The sexist structures can only be dismantled through a large movement, we must do this together. We must push back the push back against gender equality and universal human rights. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: red;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: windowtext;">Last week the International Labor Organization ratified a historic convention and recommendation on violence and harassment in the world of work. The convention is an important step for creating a sound base in the support for human dignity and decent working environment for both men and women. In consultation with the organizations of the social partners, my government will aim at the ratification of this important instrument as soon as possible. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Additionally, we are very pleased to support the efforts of Canada to highlight the human rights aspects of this topic in this Council. We look forward to support its adoption at this session.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Ms / Mr. President,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">The ongoing global Beijing+25 review and the ambitious aim of the full realization of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is our momentum to review both our progress ad challenges, as well as an opportunity to strengthen our political efforts for the full and effective implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action once and for all. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">We owe it to the previous generations who fought for the legal recognition of gender equality, we owe it to the future generations whose rights and opportunities depend on decisions we make today. And we owe it to ourselves. We cannot wait another 75 years for achieving gender equality.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="border: currentcolor; font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: black;">I very much look forward to learning more from my colleagues and from all of you participating in this important panel. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Thank you! </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="border: currentcolor; font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif; color: black;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p>

27.06.2019Ávarp í umræðum með vinnuhóp um mismunun á grundvelli kyns og vinnuhóp um viðskipti og mannréttindi

<p><span>Fulltrúi Svíþjóðar flutti ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu 27. júní 2019&nbsp; í umræðum með vinnuhóp um mismunun á grundvelli kyns og vinnuhóp um viðskipti og mannréttindi.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 12pt;">41<sup>st</sup> session of the UN Human Rights Council</span></strong></p> <p style="border-width: medium; border-style: none; padding: 0cm; border-image: none; text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Clustered interactive dialogue with WG on Discrimination Against Women and WG on Business and Human Rights</span></strong></p> <p style="border-width: medium; border-style: none; padding: 0cm; border-image: none; text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 12pt;">27 June 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="border-width: medium; border-style: none; padding: 0cm; border-image: none; text-align: center;"><em><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Delivered by Sweden on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic countries</span></em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">Mr/Madame Chair,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">I have the honor to make this statement on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic countries: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway and my own country Sweden.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">Discrimination against women and girls in law and in practice is a human rights violation in itself. It also severely hampers women’s and girls’ enjoyment of a broad range of other human rights: civil and political as well as economic, social and cultural rights, including sexual and reproductive health and rights. Discriminatory legislation must be abolished. Tradition, religion, culture or practice can never be invoked to restrict or relativize human rights. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">We commend the Working Group for your important work and thank you for your comprehensive report on the deprivation of liberty of women, focusing on its underlying causes. In relation to this, we would like to ask the Working Group: </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">-<span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: 7pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><em><span style="font-size: 16pt;">What measures would you recommend States to take to combat the various forms of gender stereotypes that may lead to or “justify” women’s confinement, as outlined in your recent report?</span></em><span style="font-size: 16pt;"> </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">Mr/Madame Chair,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">The Nordic-Baltic countries are fully committed to implementing the UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, which constitute the authoritative framework in this field. We strive to develop and implement National Action Plans in order to honour the UNGPs. We thank the Working Group for your important report on the gender dimensions of the UNGPs, and would like to ask the Group: </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">-<span style="font-family: Times New Roman; font-size: 7pt; font-style: normal; font-variant: normal; font-weight: normal; font-stretch: normal;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><em><span style="font-size: 16pt;">What are your key recommendations to States in order to ensure that the implementation of the UNGPs fully take into account the specific needs of various groups of women and girls?</span></em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 16pt;">I thank you. </span></p>

27.06.2019Ávarp í umræðu um mannréttindi kvenna með áherslu á öryggi kvenna á vinnustað

<p><span>Sendifulltrúi Noregs, Herborg F. Alvsaaker, flutti ávarp með áherslu á öryggi kvenna á vinnustað fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna, þ.m.t. Íslands og Eystrasaltslandanna í dag í mannréttindaráðinu í umræðu um mannréttindi kvenna.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">STATEMENT <br /> by Minister Counsellor Herborg F. Alvsaaker</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">ANNUAL FULL-DAY DISCUSSION ON THE HUMAN RIGHTS OF WOMEN </span></p> <p><strong><span style="color: #333333; font-family: 'Verdana',sans-serif;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span>27 June 2019 </span></strong></p> <p><span>&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span>HRC 41</span></strong></p> <p><span style="font-family: Calibri;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span>President,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>I have the honor of reading this statement on behalf of Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Sweden and my own country Norway.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>We would like to thank the panelists for their valuable contributions to this timely and important discussion. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>It is a great concern that half of the population fear violence and abuse at work. Women should be able to go to work every day without fear of becoming victims of sexual violence and harassment, or verbal and physical abuse. This should be a fact, not an ambition. While violence and harassment in the world of work can affect both men and women, we have to pay attention to the significant gender dimension when searching for solutions to this challenge. While women make up almost half of the world’s working-age population, only about 50 % of women participate in the labor force, compared to 80 % of men. And among working women, a significant proportion works in the informal sector, with limited social and labor protection. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>While we strive to make decent work available to all, we must be aware that this ambition is further away from being realized for women than for men. Of the 40 million people that live in modern slavery, a higher proportion are women. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>This is a serious challenge that needs to be addressed at both national and international level. We welcome that this important topic was high on the agenda during this year’s International Labor Conference. We support the efforts to put in place a global framework to increase women’s participation and protection against human rights abuses in the world of work. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>This is an issue that must be dealt with through a holistic approach. It is a leadership issue, it is a legal issue, it is a cultural issue and it is, more than anything else, an issue of responsibility. We have a responsibility to make violence against women an issue of the past and not a continuous problem for the future. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>Dear panelists, in order to progress on the issue of violence at work we need to activate both men and women as active agents of change. How do we create a space in which it is possible for both men and women to speak up against violence and abuse at work? And what must be done to fight impunity for the offenders?</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>&nbsp;</span></p>

26.06.2019Ávarp í umræðu um tjáningafrelsi, félagafrelsi og rétt fólks til að koma saman

<p><span>Veronika Bard, fastafulltrúi Svíþjóðar, flutti í dag ávarp fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna, þ.m.t. Íslands, og Eystrasaltsríkjanna í mannréttindaráðinu í umræðu um tjáningafrelsi, félagafrelsi og rétt fólks til að koma saman. </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">41<sup>st</sup> session of the Human Rights Council</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Clustered Interactive Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on <br /> the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and association and <br /> the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression </span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">26 June 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Intervention by the Nordic – Baltic States </span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">delivered by H.E. Ambassador Ms Veronika BARD, </span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Sweden</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Thank you Mr President.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic countries [Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden].</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">We thank both Special Rapporteurs for their valuable work and express full support for their mandates. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Our countries are committed to all human rights, including the rights to freedom of expression, of peaceful assembly and of association offline, as well as online. Digital technologies bring remarkable opportunities to enhance the enjoyment of these rights. But, as your reports show, they also have the potential to create challenges, risks and even threats.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Emerging trends in State actions to control and impede access to and use of digital technologies with the aim of limiting these fundamental freedoms are extremely worrying. We are also especially concerned about the targeted surveillance of journalists, civil society, opposition figures, and others that are exercising their right to freedom of expression. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Therefore, we call on all States to fulfil their obligations to respect and fully protect these rights offline as well as online. States must ensure the human rights are respected and protected in the digital arena.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Further, we agree that international human rights law should not only dictate State conduct, but also be a framework that guides digital technology companies. The Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights provide an important framework for private sector conduct.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">We would like to ask the following: </span></p> <ul style="list-style-type: disc;"> <li style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt; font-style: italic; font-weight: normal;"> <p style="text-align: justify; color: #000000; font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Mr. Voule, <em>what role do you see for the Human Rights Council in addressing the conclusions of your report?</em></span></p> </li> <li style="color: #000000; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt; font-style: italic; font-weight: normal;"> <p style="text-align: justify; color: #000000; font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; font-style: normal; font-weight: normal;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">Mr. Kaye, you recommend to the Council to create a new mechanism [a working group or cross-mandate task force]. <em>Could you elaborate on how, in your view, such mechanism could most effectively monitor human rights abuses facilitated by digital surveillance?</em></span></p> </li> </ul> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 14pt;">I thank you!</span></p>

26.06.2019Ávarp í umræðu um skýrslu um aftökur án dóms og laga

<p><span>Fulltrúi Noregs flutti 26. júní 2019 sameiginlegt ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna, þ.m.t. Íslands, og Eystrasaltsríkjanna (NB8) í umræðu um skýrslu um aftökur án dóms og laga. </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: black; font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">41th session of the Human Rights Council</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="color: black; font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">NORDIC-BALTIC STATEMENT</span></strong><span style="color: black; font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;"> </span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: black; font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Delivered by Norway</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="color: black; font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="color: black; font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Clustered interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions and the Special Rapporteur on the right to education </span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: black; font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">26 June 2019</span></p> <p style="text-align: right;"><em><span style="color: black; font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">[Check against Delivery]</span></em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Mr. President,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">I have the honour to deliver this intervention on behalf of the Nordic and Baltic countries Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Sweden, and my own country, Norway.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">The Nordic and Baltic countries thank you for your report and expresses our deep concern over </span><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">intentional state killings of human rights defenders, journalists and prominent dissidents, including those who have sought safety abroad.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Furthermore, we have condemned, in the strongest terms possible, the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi and we </span><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">thank Special Rapporteur Callamard for undertaking an inquiry into his unlawful death. The report’s details surrounding the killing are difficult reading. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">According to the report, the killing of Mr. Khashoggi constituted an extrajudicial killing. Extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions are abhorrent and represent a violation of the inherent right to life. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">We note that the Special Rapporteur has found that the investigations conducted by Saudi Arabia failed to meet international standards. We reiterate that all investigations into the killing must be thorough, credible, transparent, and prompt, and prosecutions must uphold internationally recognized fair trial and due process norms and standards.&nbsp; In this regard, we are concerned about the report’s indication that trial observation has been made conditional upon agreement not to disclose the details. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Dr. Callamard, The case of Khashoggi shows how dangerous it can be to be a journalist or human rights defender. In the report, you recommend the HRC to support the establishment of a Special Procedure Task-Force to undertake rapid response missions, engage with authorities to support and ensure effective investigations. We would appreciate if you could elaborate on how this could be done and how such a taskforce could reinforce existing mechanisms i.e. special procedures, treaty-bodies and other experts.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Garamond,serif; font-size: 13pt;">Thank you.</span></p>

26.06.2019Ávarp í sérstökum umræðum í málefnum farenda

<p><span>Vala Bjarney Gunnarsdóttir, starfsnemi hjá fastanefnd Íslands í Genf, flutti ræðu í mannréttindaráðinu 25. júní 2019 í sérstökum umræðum í málefnum farenda.</span></p> <p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">Clustered interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Migrants and Independent Expert on International Solidarity</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;"></span></p> <p style="margin:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt;text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">25 June 2019</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;"></span></p> <p style="text-align:center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">Statement by Iceland</span></strong><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;"></span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteur for his latest report and warmly welcomes its focus. </span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">Iceland is a firm advocate of gender equality and in the context of the human rights of migrants we support your conclusion that there is a need to better protect migrant women and girls from gender-based discrimination, abuse and violations at all stages of migration.</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">We find compelling your conclusion that for many women and girls, migration in fact provides opportunities for their economic and social development. Not least how it can lead to increased self-confidence, autonomy and control over their lives and, eventually, lead to positive changes in this respect in their country of origin. </span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">We also found interesting the indication that when women rather than men have migrated in order to find meaningful work, and be able to send home remittances, this has led to changes in traditional gender roles; with the men staying behind taking over the role of caregiver, traditionally occupied by mothers. </span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">You also point out that migrant women often tend to be paid less than men. Last year in Iceland, a groundbreaking law on equal pay went into force and our belief is that this law will also contribute to tackle this disparity that women, including migrant women, face, and we are therefore pleased that you highlighted this important issue.</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">Of course, as you also point out, Mr. Morales, migration also has negative aspects, in particular with regard to migrant women and girls, who can face discrimination and be subjected to torture and ill-treatment. </span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">The issue of migration overall is one that has recently been highly contested in many places, and there is a need to try and harmonize that debate, and the way we approach migration, in order to find that elusive consensus.</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">You say there is limited understanding of the realities faced by migrant women and girls and that this affects the ability of States to formulate and implement gender-responsive migration laws, policies and programmes. How can we best further the understanding of these realities, in your opinion?</span></p> <p style="text-align:justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="margin: 0px;">I thank you.</span></p>

25.06.2019Ávarp í umræðu um yfirlittskýrslu mannréttindafulltrúans

<span></span> <div id="divtagdefaultwrapper" style="color: #000000; font-family: Calibri,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12pt;" dir="ltr"> <p><strong><span style="font-weight: normal;">Davíð Logi Sigurðsson, deildarstjóri mannréttindamála í utanríkisráðuneytinu, flutti ræðu í umræðum 25. júní 2019 um munnlega yfirlitsskýrslu mannréttindafulltrúa Sameinuðu þjóðanna. Hann gerði að umtalsefni aftökur á ungmennum í Íran og Sádí-Arabíu og lýsti jafnframt áhyggjum af mannréttindaástandi á Filippseyjum og gerði um leið grein fyrir því að Ísland hygðist leggja fram í ráðinu ályktun um þau mál.</span></strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">General Debate on the Oral Update of the High Commissioner for Human Rights</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">25 June 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Statement by Iceland</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Mr/Madam President,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Iceland thanks the High Commissioner for her oral update. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">We agree that the monitoring, assistance and advocacy provided by the human rights system offers States immediate and long-term dividends in prevention of conflict and promotion of development and peace. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">We join the High Commissioner´s call to all Member States to support the work of UN human rights bodies and underline the importance of the work of the special mandate holders in this regard. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Mr./Madam President,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Allow me to thank the High Commissioner for her focus on progress made globally with regard to abolition of the death penalty. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Iceland opposes the death penalty under any circumstance. Executing minors is especially appalling. We oppose in the strongest terms the executions of two boys under the age of 18 in <strong>Iran</strong> in April. The fact that 85 further individuals under the age of 18 may possibly also face imminent execution makes this topic even more urgent. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Similarly, we condemn the mass execution of 37 men in <strong>Saudi Arabia</strong> in April, some of whom were children when the alleged crimes occurred. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">Finally, Mr./Madam President,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">We have taken note of the fact that the High Commissioner has once again reiterated her concern over reports of extrajudicial killings in the <strong>Philippines</strong>. We have also heard the call for action issued by eleven Special Rapporteurs mandated by this Council. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">It is in this context, that we have in the past led almost forty states in three joint statements on the human rights situation in the <strong>Philippines</strong> and why, Mr. President, we have now decided to move forward with a resolution in this Council under this item, asking for a report of the High Commissioner on the human rights situation in the Philippines. We look forward to engaging with the Council on this issue. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt;">I thank you.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <br /> <p>&nbsp;</p> </div>

24.06.2019Ávarp í umræðu um heilbrigðismál og mannréttindi

<p><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-weight: normal;">Þorvarður Atli Þórsson, sendiráðunautur, flutti 24. júní 2019 ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu í sérstakri umræðu um heilbrigðismál.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-weight: normal;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Clustered interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Health and Special Rapporteur on Leprosy</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">24 June 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Statement by Iceland</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteurs for their latest report. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">We would like to particularly welcome the focus of the report of the special rapporteur on mental health. The Government of Iceland has placed particular emphasis on strengthening mental health services with the guiding light of ensuring equal access for all to mental health services, irrespective of income or residence. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">We also want to welcome the innovative method of submitting a summary of the report of the special rapporteur to the Council as it will hopefully contribute to focus our discussion. We would encourage other mandate holders to follow this best practice. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Mr/Madam President, </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Answering the call of the rapporteur to highlight a challenge and a good practice, in Iceland we were experiencing a negative trend when it came to the mental health of young people.&nbsp; </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">In 2016, a four-year mental health policy was adopted in Iceland focusing on preventive measures and early intervention. Work is underway on implementing this policy and a project manager for suicide prevention has been appointed in accordance with an action plan to reduce suicide in Iceland.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">The government also participated in a two-year pilot project on the establishment and operation of multidisciplinary reception and support remedies for young people aged 12-25 years.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">The goal is to improve services for children and young people and ensure that they receive assistance as soon as possible. This pilot project is undertaken on the initiative of and, in collaboration with, Bergið Headspace, and is modelled on similar remedies in Australia and Denmark. The project will also work in close cooperation with schools, primary healthcare and other parties in children’s immediate environment.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Special rapporteur, what are in your view the main challenges in delivering effective mental health services to young people?</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt;">I thank you.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

24.06.2019NB8-ræða um málefni hinsegin fólks

<span></span> <div id="divtagdefaultwrapper" style="color: #000000; font-family: Calibri,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12pt;" dir="ltr"><span style="color: black; font-family: 'Garamond',serif; font-size: 13pt;">Fulltrúi Svíþjóðar flutti sameiginlega ræðu fyrir hönd Eystrasaltsríkjanna og Norðurlandanna (NB8), þ.m.t. Íslands, í umræðum um réttindi hinsegin-fólks í mannréttindaráðinu 24. júní 2019.</span></div> <p style="color: #000000; font-family: Calibri,Helvetica,sans-serif; font-size: 12pt;" dir="ltr">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: black;">41th session of the Human Rights Council</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="color: black;">NORDIC-BALTIC STATEMENT</span></strong><span style="color: black;"> </span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: black;">Delivered by Sweden</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="color: black;">Clustered ID with the IE on violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity (SOGI) and SR independence of judges and lawyers</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="color: black;">24 June 2019</span></p> <p style="text-align: right;"><em><span style="color: black;">&nbsp;[Check against Delivery]</span></em></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Mr. President,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">I have the honour to deliver this intervention on behalf of the Nordic and Baltic countries [Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Lithuania, Norway, Denmark, and my own country, Sweden].</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">First, we thank the Independent Expert for the recent report and the presentation here today and reiterate our strongest support to your mandate and work. It is a sad fact that violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity continue to exist all around the world. From social exclusion and harassment to torture and even arbitrary killings. The Nordic-Baltic countries strongly condemn these actions. Under no circumstances can such human rights violations be justified. The right for every individual to express and be who they fully are and love whom they want are at the very core of human rights.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">We welcome that the new report focuses on data collection and management, since accurate data are crucial to make visible and to prevent and eradicate violence and discrimination against LGBTI persons. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Mr. </span><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Madrigal-Borloz,</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Moving forward, could you please elaborate further on how Member States can prevent the misuse of collected data to ensure the protection of the rights of LGBTI persons?</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Further, we also thank the Special Rapporteur for his thorough annual report with pertinent recommendations on judicial councils and express our great support to your mandate and work. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Mr. García-Sayán, </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">In addition to judicial councils and with the aim to further safeguard judicial independence, in which particular areas would you suggest that Member States focus their attention and efforts? <span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">T</span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;">Thank you.</span></p>

24.06.2019Ávarp Íslands í umræðum um réttindi hinsegin fólks

<p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-weight: normal;">Davíð Logi Sigurðsson, deildarstjóri mannréttindamála í utanríkisráðuneytinu, flutti fyrir hönd Íslands ávarp í mannréttindaráði Sameinuðu þjóðanna 24. Júní 2019 í sérstakri umræðu um réttindi hinsegin fólks.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-weight: normal;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Clustered interactive dialogue with the Independent Expert on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity and the Special Rapporteur of Independence of Judges and Lawyers</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">24 June 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">Statement by Iceland</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Iceland thanks the Independent Expert and the Special Rapporteur for their latest reports.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Mr. Madrigal-Borloz, we warmly welcome the focus of your report. Iceland is a firm advocate of LGBTI-rights and of your mandate. We are looking forward to receiving you in Reykjavik later this year.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Last week, Alþingi, the Icelandic Parliament, passed new legislation on gender self-identification, granting individuals over the age of fifteen the right to register their self-identified gender. In addition to ensuring the rights to gender self-identification, without specific requirements such as medical diagnosis or medical intervention, the legislation is also intended to protect the right to bodily integrity.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This milestone legislation is in line with the Government‘s policy prioritizing LGBTI rights. And we hope it brings us to the forefront of efforts to advance the status of LGBTI human rights globally. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Furthermore, I am happy to announce that the Minister for Foreign Affairs has, in order to demonstrate our commitment, decided to support OHCHR‘s Free &amp; Equal program with 100.000 US Dollars. Free &amp; Equal is a global UN public information campaign aimed at promoting equal rights and fair treatment of LGBTI people, an important task we should all support.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Mr. Madrigal-Borloz. We have seen important progress in some respects and I take this opportunity to welcome recent reports that Botswana has de-criminalized LGBTI-relationships. However, we are regrettably still a long way from ensuring full respect for LGBTI-rights globally and I would like to ask you, Mr. Madrigal-Borloz, how better data regarding conditions faced by LGBTI- individuals may help further your agenda.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">I thank you.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span>&nbsp;</span></p>

24.06.2019Sameiginlegt ávarp um 40 ríkja í umræðu um réttindi hinsegin fólks

<p class="MsoNormal" style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-outline-level: 1;">Julian Braithwaite, fastafulltrúi Bretlands, flutti 24. júní 2019 sameiginlegt ávarp í mannréttindaráði Sameinuðu þjóðanna í umræðu um réttindi hinsegin fólks (LGBTI) fyrir hönd næstum fjörutíu ríkja, þ.m.t. Íslands, sem öll eiga aðild að Equal Rights Coalition (ERC). ERC er bandalag ríkja sem fylkja sér um útbreiðslu réttindi hinsegin fólks.</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: center;"><strong>Sameiginlegt ávarp um 40 ríkja í umræðu um réttindi hinsegin fólks</strong></p> <p style="background: white; text-align: center;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="background: white; text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font: 700 36px/39.99px 'nta', Arial, sans-serif; text-align: left; color: #0b0c0c; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; text-decoration: none; word-spacing: 0px; float: none; display: inline !important; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; background-color: transparent; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;"> UK joint-statment with the equal rights coalition on sexual orientation and gender identity</span></strong></p> <p style="background: white; text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font: 700 36px/39.99px 'nta', Arial, sans-serif; text-align: left; color: #0b0c0c; text-transform: none; text-indent: 0px; letter-spacing: normal; text-decoration: none; word-spacing: 0px; float: none; display: inline !important; white-space: normal; orphans: 2; font-size-adjust: none; font-stretch: normal; background-color: transparent; -webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">Julian Braithwaite, fastafulltrúi Bretlands, flutti 24. júní 2019 sameiginlegt ávarp í mannréttindaráði Sameinuðu þjóðanna í umræðu um réttindi hinsegin fólks (LGBTI) fyrir hönd næstum fjörutíu ríkja, þ.m.t. Íslands, sem öll eiga aðild að Equal Rights Coalition (ERC). ERC er bandalag ríkja sem fylkja sér um útbreiðslu réttindi hinsegin fólks.</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">Mr President,</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of Argentina and the United Kingdom, in our capacity as joint co-chairs of the Equal Rights Coalition, a grouping of 42 like-minded countries working together to achieve LGBTI equality. The full list of ERC sponsors can be found in the online version.</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">We thank the Independent Expert for his report, and for setting out the impact that the global shortage of credible or inclusive data has for LGBT and gender diverse people. Your report will become an important international resource, as well as a means of increasing awareness, and driving global action.</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">We agree with the Independent Expert that criminalization, stigmatization and negation all constitute factors that increase the risk of violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">We have an unshakable belief that human rights are universal. They must apply equally to all people, in all places, and at all times. We congratulate those countries that have made important progress towards LGBT and gender diverse equality, in particular in ending the criminalization of people for their sexual orientation and gender identity.</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">We are fully committed to the renewal of your mandate. You, and your predecessor have done what this Council asked of you. You have promoted awareness of the many, terrible aspects of discrimination and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity. You have identified and promoted good practices, and maintained a dignified and sincere dialogue with all stakeholders.</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">We ask all members of the Human Rights Council to recognise the simple truth that violence and discrimination can never be justified on the grounds of sexual orientation or gender identity, and to support the renewal of this important mandate.</p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify;">Thank you, Mr President.</p>

15.05.201933. lota jafningarýnis mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna

<div>Ísland tekur virkan þátt í jafningarýni mannréttindaráðsins en um mikilvægan vettvang er að ræða þar sem mannréttindaástand í öllum ríkjum heims eru rædd á tæplega 5 ára fresti. <br /> <br /> 33 lota jafningarýninnar fer fram 6. til 17. maí þ.m. Að þessu sinni&nbsp;eru 14 ríki tekin fyrir og er Ísland með tilmæli til allra ríkja og má finna þau á hlekknum hér að neðan.</div> <div> <div> <p><a href="/lisalib/getfile.aspx?itemid=de230c95-771a-11e9-943c-005056bc530c">UPR 33 Statemens by Iceland</a></p> </div> </div>

20.03.2019Mannréttindaástand á Sri Lanka

<p>Þorvarður Atli Þórsson sendiráðunautur flutti í dag ávarp um mannréttindaástand á Sri Lanka í sérstakri umræðu í mannréttindaráðinu.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong>Interactive dialogue on the OHCHR report on Sri Lanka</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong>20 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 115%;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">Mr. President, </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">Iceland welcomes the report by OHCHR on Sri Lanka and the constructive engagement of the Government of Sri Lanka with UN human rights mechanisms. We note however the political crisis that erupted in Sri Lanka in October 2018 and express concerns about possible regression in human rights, transitional justice and the reconciliation agenda. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">Sri Lanka must renew its commitment to transitional justice and prevent further delays in order to gain the trust of victims and other stakeholders. The Office on Missing Persons and the Office for Reparations must be adequately supported by the political leadership and sufficiently linked to the accountability and truth-seeking components. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">We also note with concern that virtually no progress has been made in investigating or prosecuting domestically the large number of allegations of war crimes or crimes against humanity collected by OHCHR in its investigation, and particularly those relating to military operations at the end of the war and call upon Sri Lanka to create a special judicial mechanism for this purpose.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">We believe that the lack of progress and evidence of backsliding shows that the situation of human rights in Sri Lanka should remain firmly on the agenda of the Human Rights Council and we urge the Government of Sri Lanka to fully and without undue delay implement all recommendations made in the present and previous reports of the High Commissioner.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">In conclusion, we would like to ask the OHCHR how the specific needs of women and children can be taken into account in the development of national reparations policies?</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">I thank you.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">&nbsp;</p>

20.03.2019Ávarp um mikilvægi landaskrifstofna Mannréttindafulltrúans

<span style="font-family: Helv; font-size: 13px;"></span> <p>Veronika Bard, fastafulltrúi Svía, flutti í dag ávarp í mannréttindráðinu fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna um mikilvægi landaskrifstofna Mannréttindafulltrúans.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 28.0pt;"><strong>United Nations Human Rights Council </strong></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 28.0pt;"><br /> 40<sup>th</sup> session </span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong><span lang="EN-GB">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong><span lang="EN-GB">High Commissioner and Secretary-General country reports or oral updates <br /> 20<sup>th</sup> of March 2019 </span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong><span lang="EN-GB">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 30pt; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 28.0pt;"><strong>Intervention by the Nordic States <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;"></span><br /> <br /> delivered by Sweden, Ambassador Veronika Bard</strong> </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 14pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.5pt;">Mr. President, </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 14pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.5pt;">I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the Nordic countries [Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden]. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 14pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.5pt;">We would like to thank the High Commissioner for the updates and reiterate our full support and continued cooperation with the High Commissioner and her Office.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 14pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.5pt;">We live in challenging times for human rights, democracy and the rule of law. We therefore value that States seek your Offices’ guidance and technical cooperation. Only in 2018 OHCHR has opened two new country offices in Liberia and Chad and employed twelve new human rights advisors, in response to States requests for technical cooperation to better respect, protect and fulfil human rights. We commend all States that cooperate with your Office and reiterate our own commitment to continue to do so. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 14pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="color: black; line-height: 115%; font-size: 14pt;">The OHCHR’s field presence plays an essential role in identifying, highlighting, and developing responses to human rights challenges, in close collaboration with governments, the United Nations system and civil society. We see that the OHCHR has a crucial role within the reformed UN System at country level to guide States towards the full implementation of obligations under international human rights law, where the realization of the Sustainable Development Goals and the implementation of UPR recommendations are important elements. We therefore welcome further strengthening of the field presence.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp; </span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 14pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="color: black; line-height: 115%; font-size: 14pt;">Meanwhile, we are concerned that your Office as well as the special procedures continue to be denied access to several countries. We call on all States to fully cooperate and grant them full and unhindered access. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 14pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="color: black; line-height: 115%; font-size: 14pt;">Madame High Commissioner, how do you see that increased cooperation by States with your Office is best promoted?<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp; </span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 14pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB">I t</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.5pt;">hank you</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

20.03.2019Ræða um mannréttindaástand í Úkraínu

<p>Sandra Lyngdorf, sérfræðingur í fastanefnd Íslands, flutti í dag ávarp um mannréttindaástandið í Úkraínu en fimm ár eru nú liðin síðan Rússar innlimuðu Krím-skaga.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">Interactive Dialogue with High Commissioner on her Oral Report on Ukraine</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">20 March 2018</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">Item 10 Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Thank you, Mr. President. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Five years ago, Russia used force against Ukraine to illegally and illegitimately annex Crimea. And Russia has continued to violate international norms, with the seizing of ships and sailors near the Kerch Strait in November 2018 representing a violation of the freedom of maritime passage. We call on Russia to release the sailors and ships seized.&nbsp;Russia should respect international law and ensure unhindered maritime access to Ukrainian ports at the Azov Sea.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Iceland continues to have grave concerns about the human rights and the&nbsp; humanitarian situation in the conflict areas in Ukraine. The prolonged armed conflict is hitting the civilian population hard economically, stalling social development and creating a hazardous environment for ordinary people.&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">We are particularly concerned by the human rights abuses and violations being carried out by the Russian de-facto authorities in illegally annexed Crimea against Ukrainians, the Crimean Tatars, and members of other local communities. These violations include extrajudicial killings, abductions, enforced disappearances, violence, arbitrary detentions, arrest, and torture. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Iceland&nbsp;reiterates its support for Ukraine´s sovereignty and independence within its internationally recognised borders, and calls on the Russian Federation to adhere to international obligations and its commitments under the Minsk Agreements.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Iceland welcomes the engagement of the OSCE and the OSCE&nbsp;Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine and the support it has provided to the people there. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Iceland would also like to underline the importance of the election monitoring of the OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). The successful monitoring of the upcoming presidential elections in Ukraine [<em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">first round on 31<sup>st</sup>&nbsp;March</em>] is important for democracy and the rule of law in the area. &nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">I thank you, Mr./Madame President.</p>

19.03.2019Ræða um Malí

<p>Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi&nbsp; Íslands, flutti í dag ræðu um mannréttindaástandið í Malí við umræður í mannréttindaráðinu</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong>Interactive dialogue with the Independent Expert <br /> on the situation of human rights in Mali</strong></p> <p> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong>19 March 2019</strong></p> <p> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 115%;">&nbsp;</p> <p> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 150%;">Mr. President, </p> <p> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">Iceland thanks the Independent Expert for his report. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">The implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali must remain the top priority and we welcome the renewed commitments by the Government of Mali and the signatory armed groups to its expedited and full implementation. We recognize the challenging circumstances in which the Malian Government operates, and the efforts made to restore peace and State authority throughout the country.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">Reports of serious and recurrent violations and abuses of human rights, including allegations of extrajudicial executions, abductions, torture, ill-treatment and illegal detention - committed with impunity – are deeply concerning. We particularly regret that none of the perpetrators of the conflict-related sexual violence reported since 2014 have been brought to justice. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">Thorough, fair and impartial investigations into violations committed by all parties – including Malian defense and security forces - must be carried out in order to identify the perpetrators of human rights abuses and specific measures must be taken to end to the culture of impunity.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">We call on Mali to protect women against all forms of sexual violence and urge Mali to adopt a law prohibiting this form of violence. We also urge Mali to comply with Security Council resolution 1325 on "Women, Peace and Security" in the management of the conflict and welcome the establishment of a working group on the participation of women in the peace process.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">Mr. President, some argue that the delay in the peace process is an opportunity to promote women’s participation and we would like to ask the Independent Expert if he agrees with this assessment?</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 150%;">I thank you.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">&nbsp;</p> <p> </p>

19.03.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Lýðstjórnarlýðveldið Kongó (DRC)

<p><span>Hans Brattskar, fastafulltrúi Noregs, flutti í dag ávarp í mannréttindráðinu fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna í umræðu ráðsins um Lýðstjórnarlýðveldið Kongó (DRC).<br /> </span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">Statement by Norway <br /> <br /> on behalf of Nordic countries</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">Human Rights Council 19 March 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;"><strong>Item 10 <br /> Enhanced ID on OHCHR report on the Democratic Republic of Congo</strong></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;"><br /> We commend the Congolese people, who despite hurdles used their right to vote, and the important work by civil society election observers. We also thank the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights for an informative report which draws attention to the human rights violations and abuses before, during and after the recent elections. <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;"></span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">The numerous cases of excessive force by the national security forces during the electoral campaign, including killings and arbitrary arrests, are of great concern. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">We call upon a new government to immediately <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp;&nbsp;</span>implement all recommendations in the report, with an emphasis on the defence and security forces full respect of international human rights- and humanitarian law..</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">The report contains important lessons on how to organize future elections in a way that safeguards peace, inclusiveness, transparency, accountability and credibility</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;"> Going forward we emphasize the importance of full and equal participation of women and allowing human rights defenders and media to safely carry out their work.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp; </span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes;"></span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">We are deeply disturbed by the report on the violence in Yumbi territory. The events, constituting potential crimes against humanity need to be fully investigated.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">In 2018, the UN documented a sharp increase in the number of victims of conflict-related sexual violence. State agents have been identified as the perpetrators in more than one-fourth of the cases. We expect the new government to do its utmost to rectify <span style="color: black; mso-themecolor: text1;">this situation, and ensure that perpetrators are held accountable. </span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">Two years have passed since the brutal murders of UN Experts Zaida Catalán and Michael Sharp in 2017 in the Kasaï region. We expect the new government to fully cooperate with the UN Follow-on Mechanisms supporting the Congolese investigation </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">for these killings to be fully and thoroughly investigated and all responsible brought to justice</span><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">.. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">Thank you president</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="NO-BOK">----</span></p>

18.03.2019Ræða 30 ríkja um ofsóknir gegn hinsegin fólk í Tétsníu

<p><span>Fulltrúi Bretlands hélt ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu 18. mars 2019 fyrir hönd þrjátíu ríkja, þ.m.t. Íslands, um ofsóknir gegn hinsegin fólki (LGBT) í Tétsníu.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; padding: 0cm; border: currentColor; border-image: none; text-align: center; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;">Human Rights Council – 40<sup>th</sup> session</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; padding: 0cm; border: currentColor; border-image: none; text-align: center; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 14pt; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;">Joint Statement Item 8 General Debate</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; padding: 0cm; border: currentColor; border-image: none; text-align: center; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;">March 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; padding: 0cm; border: currentColor; border-image: none; text-align: center; mso-border-bottom-alt: solid windowtext .5pt; mso-padding-alt: 0cm 0cm 6.0pt 0cm;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language: EN-US;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">Thank you Mr President. I am making this joint statement on behalf of 30 countries.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">The 1993 Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action makes clear that all human rights and fundamental freedoms are universal, and that every person is born equal and has the same rights. It also urges states to take increased action on a range of rights, including freedom from torture and arbitrary detention.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">We wish to express our deep concern about recent reports concerning the renewed persecution of LGBTI persons in Chechnya<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">, Russian Federation</span>. These reports indicate that, in recent months, at least 40 LGBTI individuals have been detained, and that two individuals have died following torture. </span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">Over the past two years, reports of human rights violations and abuses in Chechnya have repeatedly surfaced as an issue of significant international concern. Last year’s report by the OSCE Moscow Mechanism Rapporteur found overwhelming evidence that such violations had occurred, with impunity for the perpetrators.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">The Vienna Declaration expressed concern about impunity for human rights violations.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">Today, we call on the Russian authorities to take urgent action in response to these renewed reports of violations of the human rights of LGBTI persons in Chechnya.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">All persons who remain in detention based on their sexual orientation or gender identity must be released immediately.</span></p> <p style="line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">There must also be a swift, thorough and impartial investigation into the alleged persecution, arrest and torture of LGBTI persons, and any deaths that have resulted. Those who have directed and carried out these acts must be held responsible. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">All LGBTI individuals in Chechnya must be treated as equal members of society and benefit from equal protection of the law, in accordance with the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action as well as with Russia’s constitutional guarantees and international human rights obligations. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; line-height: 150%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Arial',sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;">Thank you Mr President</span></p>

12.03.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Suður-Súdan

<p style="text-align: justify;">Davíð Logi Sigurðsson, deildarstjóri mannréttindamála í utanríkisráðuneytinu flutti í dag ávarp í sérstakri umræðu um Suður-Súdan á fundi mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna í Genf. Í ræðunni er m.a. lögð áhersla á að binda verði endi á ofbeldi gegn konum í Suður-Súdan þar sem geisað hefur borgarastríð undanfarin ár.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong>Interactive dialogue with the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong>12 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: 115%;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 115%;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 115%;">Mr. President, </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">Iceland thanks the Commission for its latest report and for the important work carried out by the Commission, particularly in identifying individuals and groups responsible for grave human rights violations in South Sudan. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">We welcome the signing of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan but note with grave concern that sexual and gender-based violence remain a central characteristic of the conflict, used as a tactic of warfare by all parties to sow terror. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">Sexual and gender-based violence against women and girls erodes the fabric of a community in a way that few weapons can. Sexual violence constitutes grave human rights violations and, being committed as part of a widespread and systematic attack against a civilian population, may also amount to crimes against humanity. We call on the parties to the conflict to honor commitments made to prevent and punish conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence and to remove suspended perpetrators from the armed and security forces. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">Ending impunity for conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence is the only way to end its widespread practice in South Sudan and we welcome the creation of a specialized sexual and gender-based violence court in Juba.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">In conclusion, we would like to ask the Commission how the overall status of women in South Sudan can be improved?</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">I thank you.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p>

12.03.2019Ávarp um lönd sem þarfnast sérstakrar athugunar

<p style="text-align: justify;">Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands, flutti ávarp í dag undir lið nr. 4 í dagskrá mannréttindaráðsins („lönd sem þarfnast sérstakrar athugunar“) og lýsti þar áhyggjum Íslands vegna ástands í Venesúela, Níkaragva, Palestínu og í Jemen.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><strong>Item 4<br /> <br /> Statement by Iceland<br style="mso-special-character: line-break;" /> <br style="mso-special-character: line-break;" /> </strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><strong>12 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">Iceland is very concerned about the human rights situation in <strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">Venezuela </strong>where access to basic needs has become ever more difficult with people suffering from extreme effects of poverty, including malnutrition and health problems. The people of Venezuela deserve a fresh start after years of devastation under the rule of President Maduro and his party. Human rights and fundamental freedoms must be respected and it is imperative that democratic elections be held as soon as possible. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">We are also concerned about the situation in <strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">Nicaragua</strong> and the recent crackdown on human rights defenders. Iceland will support a resolution in this Council which seeks to address the situation in Nicaragua. We urge the Government of Nicaragua to stop repression immediately and resume full cooperation with OHCHR.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">We would like to voice our concern for the situation in <strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">Palestine</strong>. The findings of the report of the <em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">independent international commission of inquiry on the protests in the Occupied Palestinian Territory</em> are deeply troubling. While we recognize Israel´s right to defend itself it must respect the principle of proportionality and during demonstrations and security operations refrain from using lethal force against civilians, in particular children, who pose no imminent threat to life. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">We also condemn rocket attacks from Gaza and urge the <em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;">de facto</em> authorities there to refrain from all incitement. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">We reiterate our opposition to Israel´s continued illegal settlement activities in the West Bank, including in East Jerusalem.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">In <strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;">Yemen</strong>, we are gravely concerned about the continued humanitarian and human rights crisis caused by a most devastating war that has brought only displacement, economic and institutional collapse, hunger, disease and death. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">The international community must respond to the urgent humanitarian needs in Yemen and Iceland has, for its part, provided more than 1,3 Million USD in the last six months, to UNICEF and to the World Food Programme, as well as UNFPA which plays a leading role in protecting women and girls from gender-based violence and in maintaining their dignity and respect. We call on all parties to do what they can to bring the conflict in Yemen to an end.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;">I thank you.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p>

12.03.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Sýrland

<p style="text-align: justify;"><span>Fulltrúi Finnlands flutti ávarp fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna í sérstakri umræðu í dag í mannréttindaráði Sameinuðu þjóðanna með þátttöku sérstakrar rannsóknarnefndar ráðsins um ástandið í Sýrlandi.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;"><strong>Interactive Dialogue with the Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic</strong></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><strong><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;">12 March 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;"><strong>Joint Statement by the Nordic Countries</strong></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 106%; font-size: 14pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">On behalf of the Nordic countries, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Norway and Sweden, I have the honor to make the following joint statement. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">We welcome the report of the Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic. </span><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">We are deeply concerned by its findings and the continued flagrant disregard of international law and systematic abuse and violation of human rights and violations of international humanitarian law, overwhelmingly perpetrated by the Syrian regime.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">We share the Commission’s deep concern over the situation of civilians, internally displaced persons and refugees and strongly condemn the indiscriminate attacks against civilians, pillaging and persecution as well as continued intense fighting.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">We align ourselves with the Commission’s practical recommendations aimed at addressing the complex issue of return.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">We will continue to assist efforts aimed at protecting the rights of those displaced, including their right to return to their homes in a dignified, safe and voluntary way when conditions allow. Therefore, we call on the regime to cease hostilities, put an end to arbitrary arrests, detentions and torture, and to ensure unconditional access to humanitarian and medical relief for those in need. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">We must reiterate the need to address the widespread use of sexual, and gender based violence, including the Syrian regime’s systematic use of rape in detention<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold;">, and challenges in accessing civil documentation, education, and medical care, particularly affecting women and children. </span></span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 12pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: #444444;">We strongly support</span><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;"> the work and mandate of the International, Impartial and Independent Mechanism on Syria (IIIM) in this regard, and </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri;">call for access of the Commission of Inquiry in Syria and support the extension of its mandate.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">Thank you.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="FI">&nbsp;</span></p>

11.03.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Íran

<p style="text-align: justify;">Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands, flutti í dag ávarp í umræðum um mannréttindaástand í Íran með þátttöku Javaid Rehman, sérstökum skýrslugjafa mannréttindaráðsins í málefnum Írans. Í ávarpinu er lýst áhyggjum af fjölda dauðarefsinga í landinu og fjölda dauðadóma sem felldir eru yfir börnum. Þá er skortur á trúfrelsi gagnrýndur og ofsóknir gegn fólki af Bahaí-trúnni. Loks er lýst áhyggjum af því hversu jafnrétti er skammt á vegum komið og réttindi kvenna bágborin.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal; mso-outline-level: 1;"><strong>Interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the Islamic Republic of Iran</strong></p> <p style="background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal; mso-outline-level: 1;"><strong>11 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal; mso-outline-level: 1;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal; mso-outline-level: 1;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p style="background: white; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal; mso-outline-level: 1;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteur for his latest report. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">My delegation welcomes the reduction in executions noted in the report, from 437 in 2017 to 207 in 2018. However, this number remains far too high, in our view, and the death penalty is often used in cases where the crime can under no circumstances be judged to warrant such consequence. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">We find particularly objectionable that children continue to receive death sentences, girls as young as 9 and boys as young as 15, with 61 young offenders having been executed since 2008. However, Iceland is opposed to the use of the death penalty altogether and we call on Iran to implement a moratorium on all executions, with a view to abolishing the death penalty.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">Mr. President, </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">We regret that increasing number of human rights defenders, lawyers, journalists and labour activists are being arrested or harassed in Iran.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">My delegation also remains concerned over the ongoing systematic discrimination and harassment of religious and ethnic minorities in Iran – including adherents to the Baha’i faith who according to the Secretary General´s report to this Council continue to be prohibited from working in the public sector and many private enterprises.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">Women´s rights and gender equality are a priority for Iceland and we are therefore troubled that authorities would arrest women protesting against the compulsory use of the hijab. The rights of women human rights defenders must be protected and respected. While we welcome the introduction to parliament of a bill on protection of women against violence we remain concerned that civil law continues to deny women equal rights, including in marriage, divorce, child custody and inheritance. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">I thank you.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 10pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">&nbsp;</p>

11.03.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Erítreu

<span></span> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">Davíð Logi Sigurðsson, deildarstjóri mannréttindamála í utanríkisráðuneytinu, flutti í dag ávarp í umræðum um mannréttindaástand í Erítreu með þátttöku Danielu Kravetz, sérstökum skýrslugjafa mannréttindaráðsins í málefnum Erítreu.&nbsp;</p> <p class="MsoNormal">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Enhanced Interactive Dialogue on Eritrea</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>11 March 2018</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President, </p> <p>Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteur for her first oral update. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">While we welcome the peace agreement between Eritrea and Ethiopia, we remain deeply concerned about the human rights situation in Eritrea. Restrictions on the rights to freedom of expression and of religion remain, and arbitrary detention without charge or trial continue to be the norm for thousands of prisoners of conscience. The indefinite military national service is still imposed, and Eritreans continue to flee the country in large numbers. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">For progress to be made, human rights must be front and center. Comprehensive reforms at the domestic level are urgently needed in order to move towards a free, just and democratic society. Hence, the 1997 Constitution and the rights that it enshrines, including allowing independent political parties and non-government organizations to function freely, must be fully implemented. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Moreover, cooperation with the international community is essential to improving the lives of Eritreans and we urge Eritrea to allow UN experts access to the country. This includes cooperation with Special Procedures mandate holders - those with thematic mandates and those with country-specific mandates. We also encourage Eritrea to consider the establishment of an OHCHR office in the country.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">In conclusion, we would like to ask the Special Rapporteur if the peace agreement with Ethiopia has had an impact on the human rights situation in Eritrea?</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">I thank you.</p>

11.03.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Norður-Kóreu

<span></span> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify;">Nína Björk Jónsdóttir, varafastafulltrúi Íslands, flutti 11. mars 2019 ávarp í umræðum við Tomás Ojea Quintana, sérstakan skýrslugjafa mannréttindaráðsins í málefnum Norður Kóreu. Í ávarpinu er lýst áhyggjum af alvarlegri stöðu mannréttinda í landinu.</p> <p class="MsoNormal">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Interactive Dialogue on the DPRK</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">11 March 2018</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Statement by Iceland</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Mr. President, </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteur for his latest report and reaffirms its support for his mandate. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">We welcome the easing of tensions on the Korean peninsula in the past year and hope for progress on the peace and denuclearization agenda. It is however regrettable that while some positive steps are being made, the serious human rights situation on the ground remains unchanged. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Reports of political prison camps, widespread torture and ill-treatment in detention facilities, corruption by state officials, surveillance and monitoring of the population and restrictions on their basic freedoms are deeply alarming. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Similarly, the humanitarian situation for millions of people in the DPRK remains grim as the country’s most vulnerable people struggle with food insecurity and undernutrition and lack of access to basic services.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">The recent analysis by OHCHR which concludes that there are reasonable grounds to believe that numerous crimes against humanity have been committed in the DPRK, and may be ongoing, again highlight the importance of accountability and the extension of the mandate of the accountability team.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">During the last UPR review in 2014, the DPRK accepted recommendations on cooperation with the Special Procedures and we urge the DPRK Government to implement these recommendations by engaging with the Special Rapporteur and allowing him to visit the country. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">Mr. Special Rapporteur, in order to achieve long-lasting peace, measures to improve the human rights situation must be part of the peace process. What steps can States take to ensure that this happens?</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman', serif;">I thank you.</span></p>

11.03.2019Ávarp í umræðu um Myanmar

<p style="text-align: justify;"><span>Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands, flutti í dag ávarp í umræðum við Yanghee Lee, sérstakan skýrslugjafa mannréttindaráðsins í málefnum Myanmar. Í ávarpinu er lýst áhyggjum af ástandinu í Rakhine-héraði og áframhaldandi ofbeldi og ofsóknum gegn íbúum þar.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 7.5pt; text-align: center;"><strong>Interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 7.5pt; text-align: center;"><strong>11 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 7.5pt; text-align: center;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Mr. President.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">We thank the Special Rapporteur for her latest report on Myanmar. We are disappointed about the decision made by the government of Myanmar on denying the Special rapporteur access to the country. We encourage Myanmar’s government to fully cooperate with the Special Rapporteur and the United Nations system, including by ensuring access of those in need to humanitarian assistance.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">We continue to be concerned about the situation in Rakhine State and continued reports of violence, harassment and intimidation and that more people are being displaced as a result. Like in every conflict and crises, women and children are among those who suffer most in Myanmar. Whether a state is in conflict or not its primary focus should be on protecting innocent civilians. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Mr. President </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Continued reports mentioned by the Rapporteur of decreasing space for the expression of views that are critical of Government narratives are of particular concern. Freedom of expression should be upheld in every country in every corner of the globe and is the foundation of any transition to a democratic order. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">My delegation is also alarmed by reports of continuous incarceration of political activists in Myanmar, as well as recent cases of journalists convicted for simply doing their job. We support the Special Rapporteur’s call that these individuals be released without delay.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">Special Rapporteur, in your report you state that the people affected by the conflict in Myanmar must be involved in decisions about their future. We would like to ask how those affected in Myanmar, including those displaced, can best be involved in such decisions?</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify;">I thank you.</p>

08.03.2019Ræða í tilefni alþjóðlegs baráttudags kvenna

<p><span>Við upphaf umræðu í mannréttindaráði Sameinuðu þjóðanna 8. mars 2019 flutti fulltrúi fastanefndar Mexíkó ávarp í tilefni Alþjóðlegs baráttudags kvenna og gerði hann það fyrir hönd 55 ríkja, þ.m.t. Íslands.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%; font-size: 10.5pt;">Human Rights Council – 40<sup>th</sup> session. March 8<sup>th</sup>, 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%; font-size: 10.5pt;">General Debate Agenda Item 3, promotion and protection of all human rights, civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, including the right to development</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%; font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: left;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%; font-size: 10.5pt;">Mexico and Finland, on behalf of 55 States </span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: left;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%; font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%; font-size: 10.5pt;">Thank you Mr. President, </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">I have the honor to deliver this statement on behalf of Finland, Mexico and 53 States at the occasion of International Women’s Day. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">Ensuring accountability for human rights violations perpetrated against women and girls is central to fulfilling human rights obligations.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">Accountability is based on participation, transparency, empowerment, and non-discrimination. It involves ensuring administrative, social, political and legal monitoring, review and oversight, and collection of , disaggregated data.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">International human rights bodies have recognized that accountability requires prompt investigation into violations and punishment of perpetrators as well as legal, policy and attitude shifts in order to prevent future violations. This includes the removal of legal barriers and discriminatory measures, and the implementation of policies and legislation that respect women and girls’ right to bodily autonomy, guarantee universal access to education and protect their sexual and reproductive health and rights through access to information, care and services, including access to safe abortion and comprehensive sexuality education. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">Remedies must fulfill the rights of victims and must include adequate, effective, and prompt reparation, through restitution, compensation and satisfaction.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp; </span>Mechanisms for reparation should be based on the meaningful participation of women and girls, in order to ensure that they are gender and age-sensitive and respond to the needs of victims and their families</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">Women and girls in humanitarian settings are particularly vulnerable to human rights violations such as sexual and gender-based violence, human trafficking, forced pregnancy and forced abortion. Women and girls with disabilities in particular face significant barriers in accessing basic rights and services. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">Several factors prevent women and girls from reporting human rights violations and seeking justice and compensation. This includes: <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;"></span><span style="mso-spacerun: yes;"></span>disintegrating judicial systems in humanitarian settings; discrimination based on gender, age, refugee and migratory status; gender stereotypes and patriarchal attitudes, fear of reprisals <span style="mso-spacerun: yes;"></span>and lack of access to sexual and reproductive health care and services. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: normal; mso-layout-grid-align: none;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">We urge this Council to remedy the accountability deficit in human rights violations of women and girls, including in humanitarian settings. . We invite the Council to </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 10.5pt;">include conflict, gender and age analysis in its work in humanitarian settings, including in the mandates of commissions of inquiry and fact-finding missions. </span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 107%; font-size: 10.5pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p>

08.03.2019Ávarp um heimsmarkmiðin og mannréttindi

<p>Andre Pung, &nbsp;fastafulltrúi Eistlands, flutti í dag ávarp í mannréttindráðinu fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna og Eystrasaltsríkjanna um hlutverk mannréttinda í heimsmarkmiðunum.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Human Rights Council 40<sup>th</sup> Session. </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Item 3: General Debate</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>8 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Nordic-Baltic Intervention by H.E. Ambassador Andre Pung, Estonia</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p> Mr. President,</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">This statement is made on behalf of the Nordic and Baltic countries: Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and my own country, Estonia.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">With the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as its foundation, the 2030 Agenda creates a universal<em> </em>framework of action for people, planet, prosperity, peace and partnerships, applicable to all countries. The Agenda explicitly reaffirms that it is to be implemented in accordance with the rights and obligations of States under international law. Human rights, democracy and the rule of law are fundamental prerequisites in implementing the 2030 Agenda. Several of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) directly express economic, social and cultural rights. Goal 16 is particularly important in order to prevent and combat the shrinking democratic space globally.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">The 2030 Agenda has opened up new avenues to integrate human rights into global, regional, national and local practices and policies. It encourages addressing social, environmental and economic issues with new approaches and engaging all stakeholders in the efforts to achieve the sustainable development goals. And it recognises the need to build inclusive societies based on respect for human rights and on transparent, effective and accountable institutions.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">A human rights based approach is crucial to the achievement of the 17 goals while ensuring that no one is left behind. To that end, it is important to share evidence-based initiatives and methodologies and collect comparable data on SDG indicators. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;"> In conclusion, many tools have been developed for countries to use in policies and practices pursuing the SDGs. However, awareness raising on human rights, partnerships and learning from others is needed for such tools to be effective in practice. </p> <p style="text-align: justify;">To make the world a better place for all of us, we must strengthen a human rights-based approach to the sustainable development goals as our urgent priority. 2030 is not far away. As former Secretary General Ban Ki Moon has said, there is no Plan B.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;">Thank you!</p>

07.03.2019Sameiginlegt ávarp um mannréttindaástandið í Sádi Arabíu

<p><span>Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands, flutti í dag ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu fyrir hönd 36 ríkja þar sem staða mannréttindamála í Sádi Arabíu var gagnrýnd.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>STATEMENT UNDER AGENDA ITEM 2:</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>INTERACTIVE DIALOGUE WITH THE HIGH COMMISSIONER</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>40TH SESSION OF THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>DELIVERED BY H.E. HARALD ASPELUND (ICELAND)</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>07 MARCH 2019</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: normal;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 115%;">Mr. President, </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; line-height: 115%;">I have the honor to read this statement on behalf of a number of States.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">While acknowledging the spirit of modernization and reform embodied by the Saudi Vision 2030, we express significant concerns about reports of continuing arrests and arbitrary detentions of human rights defenders in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including women’s rights activists. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">We are particularly concerned about the use of the counter-terrorism law and other national security provisions against individuals peacefully exercising their rights and freedoms. Human rights defenders and civil society groups can and should play a vital role in the process of reform which the Kingdom is pursuing.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">We join the High Commissioner and Special Rapporteurs in their calls upon the Saudi authorities to release all individuals, including Loujain al-Hathloul, Eman al-Nafjan, Aziza al-Yousef, Nassima al-Sadah, Samar Badawi, Nouf Abdelaziz, Hatoon al-Fassi, Mohammed Al-Bajadi, Amal Al-Harbi and Shadan al-Anezi, detained for exercising their fundamental freedoms.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">We condemn in the strongest possible terms the killing of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, which Saudi Arabia has confirmed took place in its consulate in Istanbul. The circumstances of Mr. Khashoggi’s death reaffirm the need to protect journalists and to uphold the right to freedom of expression around the world. Investigations into the killing must be prompt; effective and thorough; independent and impartial; and transparent. Those responsible must be held to account.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">We call upon Saudi Arabia to disclose all information available and to fully cooperate with all investigations into the killing, including the human rights inquiry by the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions.&nbsp;&nbsp; </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">Finally, we call on Saudi Arabia to take meaningful steps to ensure that all members of the public, including human rights defenders and journalists, can freely and fully exercise their rights to freedoms of expression, opinion and association, including online, without fear of reprisals. </p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">I thank you, Mr. President.</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">List of countries supporting the Joint Statement:</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;">Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, <br /> New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom. </p>

06.03.2019Ávarp í árlegri umræðu um réttindi einstaklinga með fötlun

<span style="font-family: Helv; font-size: 13px;"></span> <p dir="LTR">Terhi Hakala, fastafulltrúi Finnlands, flutti í dag ávarp í mannréttindráðinu fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna í árlegri umræðu ráðsins um réttindi einstaklinga með fötlun</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center; mso-outline-level: 1; tab-stops: right 129.2pt;"><span style="margin: 68px auto auto 0px; left: 0px; width: 345px; height: 79px; position: absolute; z-index: -1895824384; mso-ignore: vglayout;"><img alt="" width="345" height="79" src="file:///C:/Users/r03hebe/AppData/Local/Temp/msohtmlclip1/01/clip_image002.png" /></span><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">40<sup>th</sup> session of the Human Rights Council</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">Annual Interactive debate on the rights of persons with disabilities</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><span style="mso-bookmark: _Toc535836352;"><em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">Habilitation and rehabilitation under article 26 of the </span></em></span><em style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal;"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">CRPD</span></em></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">6 March 2019</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">Nordic-Baltic Intervention by H.E. Ambassador Terhi Hakala, Finland</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: center;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">&nbsp;</span></strong></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">Mr. President,</span></p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">I have the honour of making this intervention on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic countries – Denmark, Estonia, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and Finland.</span></p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">I would like to thank all panellists for their insightful interventions.</span></p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">Access to rehabilitation is an important element of the right to health for persons with disabilities in order to ensure their full and equal participation in the society.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">The Nordic-Baltic countries fully agree that persons with disabilities should have an access to all rehabilitation services, both public and private, on an equal basis with others, regardless of their impairment, sex, age, ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender identity, or other grounds.</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;"> </span><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">Multiple and intersecting grounds of discrimination should be identified and addressed in all policy decisions, </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">including when developing support services</span><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;"> </span></p> <p style="background: white; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">As the Special </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">Rapporteur has pointed out, persons with disabilities, especially those deprived of their liberty, are at serious risk of sexual and physical violence, human trafficking, being subjected to torture etc.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes;">&nbsp; </span></span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">As the High Commissioner’s recent report rightly reminds us, rehabilitation is not only for persons with physical impairments. Also victims of torture, sexual exploitation and trafficking are often in need of psychosocial rehabilitation in the form of counselling, peer support and other measures.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">To conclude, unfortunately according to many reports</span><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">, especially women and girls with disabilities often fall victims to gender-based and sexual violence. Persons with disabilities that belong to sexual or gender minorities are also more vulnerable than others to violence and discrimination.</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-US" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 115%;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="line-height: 115%; font-size: 12pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Calibri; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-latin;">Two questions: What concrete measures should States take when providing rehabilitation services to women and girls with disabilities that are victims to gender-based and sexual violence? Likewise, what should States take into account when providing rehabilitation services to persons in particularly vulnerable situations such as LGBTI persons with disabilities?</span></p>

06.03.2019Ávarp í umræðu um málefni fatlaðra

<p>Grétar Atli Davíðsson, starfsnemi í fastanefnd Íslands í Genf, flutti í dag ávarp í gagnvirkri umræðu um málefni fatlaðra í mannréttindaráði Sameinuðu þjóðanna.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Clustered interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on disabilities and the Independent Expert on Albinism</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>5 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteur and the Independent Expert for their latest reports.</p> <p>Mrs. Devandas-Aguilar, we find your focus in your report on disability-specific forms of deprivation of liberty most welcome and agree with you that depriving people of their liberty on the basis of their disability represents a violation of human rights.</p> <p>We take particular note of your conclusion that persons with disabilities are systematically incarcerated, imprisoned, detained or otherwise physically restricted across the globe, <strong><em>regardless </em></strong>of the economic situation of the country or its legal tradition. </p> <p>This conclusion, while worrying in itself, invites somewhat contradictory deductions. On the one hand, it would indicate that the problem is so deep-rooted that it will be difficult to address. On the other hand, it could also offer an opportunity, in the sense that if the same applies to all or most states, then perhaps some unity of purpose may be achieved. </p> <p>We would be interested in hearing your thoughts on this.</p> <p>I would also like to ask you how one can tailor into the debate the passage of time, of progress that has taken place in recent years and decades. I will presume you agree that in many countries the situation has improved very considerably in fifty years, maybe even in just twenty years. </p> <p>But what does that mean on a longer time-scale; can we foresee a continuing gradual march towards elimination of such methods as described in your report, or is it your opinion that a drastic intervention is needed at this time, in all societies, in all corners of the world, in equal measure?</p> <p>Lastly, I want to say that we share your view that children are particularly vulnerable to institutionalization on the basis of impairment and that if we are to start anywhere, we should start there.</p> <p>I thank you.</p>

05.03.2019Ávarp NB8-ríkjanna í umræðu um ofbeldi gegn börnum

<p>Jānis Kārkliņš, fastafulltrúi Lettlands, flutti ávarp fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna og Eystrasaltsríkjanna í mannréttindaráðinu í umræðu í dag sem fram fór með þátttöku sérstaks fulltrúa framkvæmdastjóra Sameinuðu þjóðanna um ofbeldi gegn börnum sem og fulltrúa framkvæmdastjóra SÞ um börn á átakasvæðum.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>40<sup>th</sup> session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Clustered Interactive Dialogue </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on violence against children and the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for children and armed conflict</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>5 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Intervention by the Nordic – Baltic States </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>delivered by H.E. Mr Jānis Kārkliņš, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Latvia to the United Nations Office in Geneva</strong></p> <p>Thank you Mr President.</p> <p>I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic countries [Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and Latvia].</p> <p>We thank both Special Representatives for their valuable work and express support for their mandates.</p> <p>We share Ms Gamba’s concern over abductions as a means of instilling fear and terror. We are looking forward to the guidance note in this field. </p> <p>We are pleased to see that best practices obtained during two decades of mandate for children and armed conflict will serve as a guidance on the integration of child protection issues in peace processes.</p> <p>Ms Gamba, <em>taking into consideration the unanimous adoption of Security Council resolution 2427, what do you see as the main challenges for ensuring that the understanding of child protection as a preventive measure of conflicts is put in practice?</em></p> <p>While we see positive developments in protecting children from violence around the world, [including those referred to in the report of <br /> Ms Santos Pais,] we are not doing nearly enough [to protect our children]. </p> <p>[Today’s reality is alarming, as noted by the Special Representative, every five minutes a child dies because of violence and every year half of the world’s children suffer from violence.]</p> <p>Our countries believe stronger political commitment by states is necessary to protect children from violence. Violence, in all its forms, conducted online or offline, is unacceptable! </p> <p>Greater effort is required by national governments to develop national violence prevention and response programmes with effective monitoring and evaluation mechanisms. To ensure protection is effective, we would like to stress the importance of mainstreaming gender in these programmes. The protection of children from violence can not be done without addressing the gender, especially the specific risks, needs, vulnerabilities and coping strategies that girls are facing.</p> <p>Ms Santos Pais, <em>we would be grateful if you could elaborate on the best practices already in place to ensure gender sensitive prevention and response.</em></p> <p>Finally, as “no-corporal-punishment countries”, we call on all states that have not done so, to prohibit corporal punishment in all settings.</p> <p>I thank you!</p>

05.03.2019Ávarp um trúfrelsi

<p>Davíð Logi Sigurðsson, deildarstjóri mannréttindamála í utanríkisráðuneytinu, flutti í dag ávarp í sérstakri umræðu með þátttöku skýrslugjafa Sameinuðu þjóðanna um trúfrelsi, Ahmed Shaheed.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Clustered interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporeur on freedom of </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>regligion and the Special Rapporteur on sale of children</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>5 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteurs for their latest reports. </p> <p>We believe persecution of people based on their religion or belief should never be condoned. I therefore take this opportunity to reiterate the worry expressed by our Minister for Foreign Affairs, in his address to this Council last week, of the apparent increase in both anti-Semitism and Islamophobia in Europe, where individuals are being targeted for hate and discrimination simply for their faith. </p> <p>We need to do more to address this trend, in Europe and where ever else it is found. And we need to do it urgently.</p> <p>Mr. Shaheed, we warmly welcome the conceptual focus of your report on the freedom of religion and belief. This is most useful in a time when new methods of communication are becoming ever more important and have made it possible to immediately share information between people, across borders and boundaries, including <strong><em>false </em></strong>information, incitement and intolerance. </p> <p>We take particular note of your attempt to highlight the importance of not curtailing freedom of expression, while attempting to address issues relating to incitement of discrimination, hostility or violence against persons on the basis of religion or belief.</p> <p>Mr. Shaheed, in this regard, with an eye on your comments regarding the challenge policy-makers globally are faced with of responding to online expression, that can be viewed as incitement to violence or at least discrimination and stigmatization, we would like to ask whether you have had any contacts and discussions with leaders of social media platforms, such as Facebook and Twitter, to name but two?</p>

04.03.2019Ávarp um mannréttindi og umhverfisvernd

<p>Davíð Logi Sigurðsson, deildarstjóri mannréttindamála í utanríkisráðuneytinu, tók þátt í sérstakri umræðu í mannréttindaráðinu&nbsp;í dag&nbsp;um mannréttindi og umhverfisvernd. Kom fram í máli hans sú áhersla að á sama hátt og það væru mannréttindi að njóta umhverfisaðstæðna sem geri fólki kleift að njóta góðrar heilsu þá bæri manninum jafnframt skylda til að hugsa vel um umhverfi sitt og varðveita fyrir komandi kynslóðir.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Interactive dialogue with the </strong><strong>Special Rapporteur on </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>human rights an and the environment</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>4 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p>Mr. President, </p> <p>Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteur on human rights and the environment for his latest report and its focus on clean air and the negative impact of air pollution on the enjoyment of many human rights. Air pollution is one of the silent killers of our world and has a devastating impact on our health and wellbeing. </p> <p>The good news is that realising clean air for all goes hand in hand with achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, including healthy lives for all, sustainable cities, universal access to clean energy and effective action to address climate change. We have the tools needed and must redouble our efforts.</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>For my delegation it was also particularly interesting to receive the concise overview of the different ways we have in our regional and sub-regional frameworks acknowledged that every person has the right to live in an environment adequate to his or her health and well-being. </p> <p>It is becoming increasingly clear that we will, at the same time as we recognize this right, have to acknowledge the flip side of this coin; with this right also comes a responsibility and a duty, both individually and in association with others, to protect and improve the environment for the benefit of present and future generations.</p> <p>The question we would therefore have for the Special Rapporteur is what he feels should be the next steps when it comes to bringing together and solidifying our common understanding of the right of every person to live in an environment adequate to his or her health and well-being? </p> <p>I thank you.</p>

04.03.2019Ávarp í umræðu um réttindi barna með fötlun

<p>Ásmundur Einar Daðason, félags- og barnamálaráðherra, flutti ávarp 4. mars sl. fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna og Eystrasaltsríkjanna í sérstakri umræðu um réttindi barna með fötlun. Áréttaði hann mikilvægi aðgengis allra að menntun.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>4 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Annual full day meeting </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>on the rights of children</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Theme: Empowering children with disabilities for the enjoyment of their human rights, including through inclusive education</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>STATEMENT BY H.E. ASMUNDUR EINAR DADASON, </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>MINISTER FOR SOCIAL AND CHILDREN AFFAIRS OF ICELAND, </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>ON BEHALF OF THE NORDIC-BALTIC STATES</strong></p> <p>Mr./Madam President,</p> <p>I am honoured to deliver this intervention on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic States: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and my own country Iceland. </p> <p>We thank the panellists for their interventions and particularly appreciate that the voices of children have been brought to this debate.</p> <p>Mr./Madam President, </p> <p>Children with disabilities hold the same rights as all children and their empowerment depends upon the realization of those rights. The Convention on the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities provide a robust policy and legal framework to achieve the rights for children with disabilities.</p> <p>We are all committed to the goal of achieving self-determination and full participation in society of persons with disabilities, and that includes children with disabilities. A crucial element in ensuring the meaningful participation of children with disabilities in society is inclusive education. </p> <p>We need to take a holistic approach to ensuring the inclusion of children in society and education, ensuring that families and communities are supported to enable their inclusion. Similarly, in our experience working towards fully inclusive education requires our different agencies, ministries and municipalities working together across traditional sectors so that the right of each child is realized. It is also urgent that civil society is involved in this work.</p> <p>Finally, it is worth mentioning that children with disabilities also receive education on their autonomy and rights, including comprehensive sexuality education, as well as how to protect themselves from violence and abuse in the same way as other children. Without it, we fall short of delivering a truly inclusive education. </p> <p>In closing, we would like to ask the panel to share best practises or examples of supportive policies to families and communities that support inclusive education.</p> <p>Thank you.</p>

01.03.2019Gagnrýndi beitingu hryðjuverkalaga til að þagga niður í gagnrýni

<p>Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands, flutti ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu í sérstakri umræðu um misnotkun á löggjöf um varnir gegn hryðjuverkum 1. mars sl.&nbsp; og gerði þar að umtalsefni tilhneigingu sumra ríkja til að þagga niður, á grundvelli laga um hryðjuverkavarnir, í baráttufólki fyrir mannréttindum, þ.m.t. réttindum kvenna og hinsegin fólks.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Individual interactive dialogue with the </strong><strong>Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights while countering terrorism</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>1 March 2019</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President, </p> <p>Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteur on counter-terrorism for her latest report. </p> <p>We remain deeply concerned about the widespread misuse of counter-terrorism legislation worldwide. The trend of using counter-terrorism legislation to silence human rights defenders, including women and LGBTI rights defenders, is particularly worrying. </p> <p>The findings of the report that the targeting of civil society is not a random or incidental aspect of counter-terrorism law and practice must be urgently addressed. States must not use the pretext of ‘national security’ to shrink civic space or to arrest or detain individuals exercising their rights and freedoms.&nbsp; </p> <p>A vibrant and active civil society play a key role in preventing violent extremism and countering terrorism and the successful implementation of counter-terrorism strategies rely on broad communal support. Any effective counter-terrorism strategy needs to strengthen, not weaken, civil society.</p> <p>In this context, I want to highlight the importance of the fourth pillar of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy which focuses on measures to ensure respect for human rights for all and the rule of law as the fundamental basis for the fight against terrorism. We firmly believe that your mandate Madame Special Rapporteur, is crucial for the implementation of this pillar. </p> <p>In conclusion, I would like to ask the Special Rapporteur how she views the role of her mandate in the broader UN counter-terrorism architecture? </p> <p>I thank you.</p>

28.02.2019Baráttufólk fyrir mannréttindum njóti verndar

<p>Sandra Lyngdorf sérfræðingur flutti 28. febrúar sl. ávarp í sérstakri umræðu í mannréttindaráðinu um aðstæður sem baráttufólk fyrir mannréttindum þarf sums staðar að búa við. Gerði hún að sérstöku umtalsefni konur og karla sem tala fyrir réttindum kvenna og lagði áherslu á að standa þyrfti vörð um rétt fólks til að beita sér í þágu slíkra réttinda.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Clustered interactive dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on human rights defenders and the Special Rapporteur on torture</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>28 February 2019</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Statement by Iceland</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Iceland thanks the Special Rapporteurs for their latest reports. </p> <p>Mr. Forst, we warmly welcome the focus of your report on the situation of women human rights defenders. We applaud the courageous and vital work carried out by women human rights defenders in challenging traditional notions of family and gender roles in society while acknowledging the significant and specific risks, threats and attacks they face.</p> <p>It is important to highlight that not all women human rights defenders are female. All human rights defenders who work in the defence of the human rights of women or on gender issues are women human rights defenders. Women, however, as your report clearly highlights - are also targeted for or exposed to gender-specific threats and gender-specific violence.</p> <p>States must stop criminalizing women for their work as human rights defenders and develop measures to tackle the root causes of discrimination against women, while ensuring the protection of human rights defenders in a manner that systematically integrates a gender perspective.</p> <p>While the responsibility for ensuring a safe environment for human rights defenders belongs to the State, women defenders need spaces of trust among women to talk about the challenges that affects them. States must ensure that women human rights defenders enjoy freedom of movement, have safe spaces and communications channels in order to create and participate in networks.</p> <p>I ask you Mr. Forst, how can Member States better ensure that women human rights defenders are recognized and supported and enabled to participate equally, meaningfully and powerfully in the promotion and protection of human rights, at the national and international levels?</p> <p>I thank you.</p>

26.02.2019Ræða utanríkisráðherra í mannréttindaráði SÞ fyrir hönd NB8-ríkjanna gegn dauðarefsingum

Human Rights Council<br /> Geneva, 26 February 2019<br /> Biennial high-level panel discussion&nbsp;<br /> on the question of the death penalty<br /> Theme: Human rights violations related to the use of the death penalty, in particular with respect to the rights to non-discrimination and equality<br /> <br /> STATEMENT BY H.E. GUÐLAUGUR ÞÓR ÞÓRÐARSON,&nbsp;<br /> MINISTER FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF ICELAND,&nbsp;<br /> ON BEHALF THE NORDIC-BALTIC STATES<br /> <br /> Mr. President,&nbsp;<br /> <br /> I am honoured to deliver this intervention on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic States: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and my own country Iceland.<br /> <br /> We thank the panellists for their interventions. We reiterate our strong opposition to the death penalty in all circumstances. The death penalty constitutes a violation of the right to life and its abolition is necessary for the enhancement of human dignity and the progressive development of human rights.<br /> <br /> We are alarmed by the evidence of discriminatory use of the death penalty against persons belonging to racial and ethnic minorities or based on gender or sexual orientation. The disproportionate impact of its use on persons in vulnerable and marginalized situations is particularly troubling.<br /> <br /> When the UDHR was adopted, only 16 countries had abolished the death penalty. Today, more than two-thirds of the countries in the world have abolished it in law or practice. This represents a huge positive shift in the global outlook.<br /> <br /> It is therefore deeply worrying that some States are now choosing to go against this global trend by resuming executions. Imposition of death sentences for any offence, including drug offences, is incompatible with the fundamental tenets of human rights.<br /> <br /> Instead of resuming executions, authorities should focus on evidence-based approaches to crime prevention in conformity with international human rights law. Moreover, States providing bilateral technical assistance to combat drug crime must ensure that the programmes, to which they contribute, do not result in violations of the right to life.<br /> <br /> In closing, we would like to ask the panel to share best practises in addressing the discriminatory use of the death penalty against women, especially linked to adultery.<br /> <br /> Thank you.<br />

25.02.2019Ræða Íslands í fertugustu fundarlotu mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna

<p>Human Rights Council<br /> Geneva, 25 February 2019<br /> Address by<br /> H.E Guðlaugur Þór Þórðarson<br /> Minister for Foreign Affairs of Iceland<br /> <br /> Mr./Madame President, Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> When I addressed this chamber one year ago, I did not know that Iceland would soon after be elected to serve on the Human Rights Council. For Iceland, it was a proud moment, made even more meaningful as we celebrated 100 years of sovereignty in 2018. I thank you for your support.</p> <p>Mr./Madame President, I have sometimes been asked what useful purpose it serves to be a member of the Human Rights Council. There are those who deem it merely a talking shop. Others argue that the Council has been guilty of bias – that it spends too much time debating human rights violations in some countries, while ignoring similar or worse situations in others.</p> <p>My response is that yes, the Human Rights Council certainly has its flaws. For me though, the answer to the question is clearly not to disengage with the Council because of these imperfections, but rather to engage even more. Why? Because if it is broken, we need to fix it.&nbsp;</p> <p>This Council is and should be the primary arena for debating and advancing human rights at the national and international level.</p> <p>Most importantly, we must not forget that the Council has been successful on many fronts. Only last September, it came together to pass landmark resolutions on the dire human rights situations in Venezuela, Myanmar and Yemen.&nbsp;</p> <p>Similarly, the UPR has proven to be of utmost importance as it allows each Member State – even those that may think they are beyond reproach – to listen to the comments and questions of others, to receive criticism and recommendations to improve their human rights record.</p> <p>Overall, the Human Rights Council has proven to be a valuable platform for advocacy on behalf of those left voiceless and have their rights ignored or violated in all parts of the world.&nbsp;</p> <p>Nevertheless, and I want to stress this part: The Council could and should do even more, and Iceland will, for its part, strive to support efforts to that effect - in the session underway and in future sessions.&nbsp;</p> <p>Ladies and Gentlemen,</p> <p> When the Human Rights Council was established more than ten years ago, we made it clear that Council members should “uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights” and “fully co-operate with the Council”.</p> <p> As a new member of the Council, and as a first-time member of the Council, Iceland has pledged to act in accordance with this standard. Regrettably, however, many Member States have proven unwilling to do the same. States which join the Council should lead by example and expect their own human rights record to be subject to particular scrutiny during their time as members.&nbsp;</p> We have in this body highlighted the situation in the Philippines, where reports of extrajudicial killings have reached new heights with some estimates up to 27.000 people killed with impunity. It is, therefore, a concern when a re-election to this Council is claimed to justify these killings as a legitimate part of the so called “war on drugs”.<br /> <br /> The question we must ask ourselves is whether we are not, by electing and re-electing countries to this Council that have less than stellar human rights records, to put it mildly – playing into the hands of those who argue and accuse this Council of not being a force for good but rather a protector of human-rights abusers.<br /> &nbsp;<br /> Mr./Madame President,<br /> <p> Iceland is not only a first-time member of the Human Rights Council, but also the smallest country to be elected to the Council. We believe more countries should be encouraged to serve as members, of all sizes and strength, to expand its reach and impact. We advocate for the full participation of small states from all corners of the world and hope our election can serve as an inspiration.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Large and powerful member states tend to run repeatedly for membership, thereby making it harder for smaller countries to gain a seat at the table. One could argue that this is the ultimate proof that the Council matters greatly, but on the other hand, this often blocks the way for others, including smaller members of the United Nations.<br /> <p> In our opinion, we ought to consider a rotational basis of membership and ensure that all those that desire to serve on the Council can do so. Human rights are universal and belong to all of us, big and small, and we should all be able to engage fully.</p> Mr./Madame President,<br /> <p> I would like to add my voice to those who have in this chamber expressed concern about the rising intolerance against migrants and minorities, also in mainland Europe. We also see a worrying trend in anti-Semitism and Islamophobia where individuals are targeted for hate and discrimination simply for their faith. We cannot return to our past of us versus them, of indiscriminate hate and fear.&nbsp;</p> I am also concerned about increasing repression, through arrests and detention of human rights defenders, journalists, lawyers and judges. Let me in this context draw attention to the independence of the judiciary in countries such as Turkey, where it has come under increased scrutiny, and call on the Turkish Government to ensure fair proceedings. <p>The brutal murder of journalist Jamal Khashoggi, which the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has confirmed took place in its consulate in Istanbul, further highlights the plight of journalists and human rights defenders. Widespread arbitrary arrests, torture and the persecution of human rights defenders for peacefully exercising their fundamental rights is unacceptable – always and everywhere. I cannot mention Saudi Arabia without also stressing the urgent need for the Kingdom to improve the status of women’s human rights.&nbsp;</p> <p>We must also continue to advocate for political resolution of disputes; for the rights of all citizens to be upheld and, in the case of Venezuela, for the peaceful return to democracy – and for humanitarian assistance to be allowed to reach those in need.</p> <p>Finally, repeated reports of violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex individuals, including in Chechnya and Tanzania are also of great concern to us.&nbsp; On this point, I want to highlight our pledge to put the human rights of LGBTI individuals in the forefront of our membership of the Human Rights Council.</p> <p>I am also pleased to announce Iceland´s intention to become a regular contributor to the Office of the Human Rights Commissioner´s work in this field. We got it right decades ago in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights when we set out that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. This means everyone, irrespective of their gender, sexual orientation or gender identity.</p> <p>I thank you.</p>

25.02.2019Mannréttindi verði tryggð í samstarfi þjóða

<p>Jānis Kārkliņš, fastafulltrúi Lettlands, flutti fyrir hönd Eystrasaltsríkjanna þriggja og Norðurlandanna fimm, ávarp í mannréttindaráðinu 25. febrúar 2019 í sérstakri umræðu um innleiðingu mannréttinda í öllum ríkjum og á öllum sviðum mannlífs.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;">UN Human Rights Council, 40th Session</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;">&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;">Annual high-level panel discussion on human rights mainstreaming on the theme “Human rights in the light of multilateralism: opportunities, challenges and the way forward”</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;">25 February 2019</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: center; line-height: normal;"><strong style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal;">Nordic-Baltic Intervention by H.E. Mr Jānis Kārkliņš, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Latvia to the United Nations Office in Geneva</strong></p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="margin: 0px; text-align: justify; line-height: normal;">Distinguished panellists,</p> <p style="text-align:justify;background:white;">I have the honour of making this intervention on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden, Estonia and my own country Latvia.</p> <p style="text-align:justify;background:white;">We would like to thank the distinguished panellists for their valuable inputs. </p> <p style="text-align:justify;background:white;">The UN works on the frontlines every day around the world on the pillars of Human Rights, Peace and Security, and Development. These three pillars are intimately interlinked. However, at a time when both the multilateral order and human rights are under pressure, it is increasingly important to ensure that human rights remain a core focus of multilateralism. As the High Commissioner Bachelet has said: “If we do not succeed in this, all of the UN’s pillars will be undermined”.</p> <p style="text-align:justify;background:white;">To move ahead on this important agenda, we should ensure that the United Nations set-up in all countries fully incorporates the promotion and protection of all human rights. We welcome the Secretary-General’s reform agenda and in particular the reinvigoration of the Resident Coordinator system, which should aim to ensure a more coherent approach to human rights in the field presences. To this end, it is important that we all – Member States as well as UN agencies – commit to the implementation of the reform. We appreciate the High Commissioner’s leadership in seeking to integrate human rights across UN field presences – especially as the human rights pillar as such is not included as a separate track in the current UN reform process.</p> <p style="text-align:justify;background:white;">In parallel, we should seek to promote a closer integration of human rights and the delivery of the 2030 Agenda, as well as the UN’s prevention agenda. This can promote better coherence between political commitments and legal obligations, and between prevention efforts across the UN system.</p> <p style="text-align:justify;background:white;">Finally, turning to the distinguished representatives in the panel: Applying a human rights-based approach is essential in <em style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal;">promoting</em> human rights. However, in line with the Human Rights Up Front initiative, we ask; how do we fully integrate human rights as part of your work on the ground, also when it comes to <em style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal;">protecting</em> human rights and <em style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal;">preventing</em> human rights violations?</p> <p style="text-align:justify;background:white;">&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

04.02.201932. lota jafningjarýnis mannréttindaráðsins

<p>Ísland tekur virkan þátt í jafningarýni mannréttindaráðsins en um mikilvægan vettvang er að ræða þar sem mannréttindaástand í öllum ríkjum heims eru rædd á tæplega 5 ára fresti. 32 lota jafningarýninnar fór fram 21. janúar til 1. febrúar sl. Að þessu sinni voru 14 ríki tekin fyrir og er Ísland með tilmæli til allra ríkja og má finna þau á hlekknum hér að neðan. </p> <p><a href="/lisalib/getfile.aspx?itemid=7a28d190-2894-11e9-942f-005056bc4d74" target="_blank"><span class="pdf">Öll tilmæli Íslands</span></a> </p>

10.12.201831. lota jafningarýnis mannréttindaráðsins

<p>Ísland tekur virkan þátt í jafningarýni mannréttindaráðsins en um mikilvægan vettvang er að ræða þar sem mannréttindaástand í öllum ríkjum heims eru rædd á tæplega 5 ára fresti. 31. lota jafningarýninnar fór fram 5-.16. nóvember sl. Að þessu sinnu voru 14 ríki tekin fyrir og er Ísland með tilmæli til allra ríkja og má finna þau á hlekknum hér að neðan.&nbsp;</p> <p><a href="/lisalib/getfile.aspx?itemid=bab2e0cf-fc89-11e8-942f-005056bc4d74">Öll tilmæli Íslands</a></p>

27.09.2018Ræða Íslands í umræðu um Georgíu

<p>Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands gagnvart mannréttindaráðinu, flutti í dag ræðu í umræðu um ástand mannréttindamála í Georgíu.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Item 10 Iceland Statement </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Situation in Georgia</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>27 September 2018</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President, </p> <p>Iceland would like to thank the Office of the High Commissioner for its efforts to provide cooperation and assistance to Georgia. We also take note of and welcome the commitment of the Government of Georgia to human rights, as described in the High Commissioner´s latest report. </p> <p>We take this opportunity to encourage the Government to prioritize the promotion of gender equality, welcoming work done so far, in particular the adoption earlier this year of a National Action Plan on Measures to be Implemented for Combating Violence against Women and Domestic Violence for the period 2018-2020.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>We would like to echo the concern of OHCHR of the state of human rights of populations living in Abkhazia and South Ossetia and call on those in control of these regions to grant immediate access to OHCHR.</p> <p>We reiterate that it is not acceptable that no access has been granted, despite repeated requests since 2011. It is not sufficient to allow access to United Nations development and humanitarian actors, actors dealing with human rights must also be allowed access, including OHCHR, the Council of Europe Human Rights Commissioner and others. </p> <p>The few reports that have come out of these areas would seem to point to serious human rights issues. Therefore, all parties should be embracing the need for credible and verified information.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Finally, Mr. President,</p> <p>Ten years have passed since the conflict between Russia and Georgia. Iceland would like to express its full support for a peaceful resolution of conflict in Georgia and takes this opportunity to reiterate its firm support for Georgia’s sovereignty, independence and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>I thank you. </p>

27.09.2018Norræn ræða um Kambódíu

<p>Fastafulltrúi Svíþjóðar gagnvart mannréttindaráðinu flutti á miðvikudag ávarp fyrir hönd allra Norðurlandanna í umræðu um ástand mannréttindamála í Kambódíu.</p> <p><strong>UN Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p><strong>39<sup>th</sup>&nbsp;session</strong></p> <p><strong>Item 10 debate: Cambodia 26 Sep 2018</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Delivered by H.E. Swedish Permanent Representative Veronika Bard</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Thank you, Mr. President,</p> <p>Statement on behalf of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway,&nbsp; </p> <p>We thank Special Rapporteur Rhona Smith for her work and for the report on the human rights situation in Cambodia. </p> <p>As the report outlines, there has been a sharp decline of political and civic space in Cambodia over the past year, resulting in serious negative impact on human rights, democracy and the rule of law. This is illustrated by the dissolution of the main opposition party and the banning of many of its representatives from political activities. </p> <p>The arrests, threats and harassment directed against media and civil society underscores the severity of the situation. Furthermore, opposition leaders and supporters, civil society activists and journalists have fled the country in fear of arbitrary arrest.</p> <p>Democracy and the rule of law, as well as a fair and free election process, are prerequisites for the full enjoyment of human rights. Sweden, on behalf of the Nordic countries, would like to join others in expressing its deep concern over the restrictive conditions in which the Cambodian parliamentary elections took place in July.</p> <p>We would like to emphasize that an election, from which the main opposition party is effectively excluded, cannot be considered neither legitimate, nor representative of the will of the Cambodian people. Free and fair elections are the cornerstone of democracy, as is the protection for the freedom of expression and opinion, and of association and peaceful assembly.</p> <p>We call on the Cambodian government to drop all criminal charges against opposition leader Kem Sokha, recently released on bail, and to remove all restrictions against him. All other individuals imprisoned for exercising their fundamental rights, including the freedom of expression, association and peaceful assembly, must also be unconditionally released and have all charges against them dropped. </p> <p>Prior to this year’s election we noted a steady progress of elections in terms of compliance with international standards.</p> <p>We now call on the Government of Cambodia to reopen democratic space and to permit human rights defenders and media to engage in political life and carry out their roles freely, allowing civil society to flourish.</p> <p>Thank you</p>

26.09.2018Ræða um ástandið í Jemen

<p>Edda Björk Ragnarsdóttir sérfræðingur flutti á þriðjudag ræðu í mannréttindaráðinu um ástandið í Jemen, þar sem blóðug styrjöld hefur valdið dauða þúsunda óbreyttra borgara og haft alvarleg áhrif á mannréttindi og lífsskilyrði fólks.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Iceland statement in Interactive Dialogue on Yemen<span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: right;">25 September 2018</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>The findings of the Group of Independent Eminent International and Regional Experts with regard to the situation in Yemen are as important as they are shocking. </p> <p>Iceland is deeply concerned by the conclusion of the Group of Experts that parties to the armed conflict in Yemen may have committed war crimes, and&nbsp;are responsible for various human rights violations, including unlawful deprivation of the right to life, arbitrary detention, rape, torture, ill-treatment, enforced disappearance and child recruitment, as well as violations of freedom of expression and economic, social and cultural rights.</p> <p>We take this opportunity to reiterate our condemnation of the indiscriminate air strikes by the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen.</p> <p>Mr. President, </p> <p>Iceland wholeheartedly agrees with the recommendations of the Group of Experts, including their call for an immediate cessation of violence committed against civilians in violation of applicable international human rights and international humanitarian law. </p> <p>Taking note of the warning issued by the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs, Mr. Lowcock, earlier this week, that a famine may strike Yemen under current circumstances, we also urge all parties to fulfill obligations to facilitate the rapid and unimpeded passage of humanitarian relief and unhindered access to medical facilities.</p> <p>We would also like to stress that acts of sexual and gender-based violence, including sexual violence against women and children, must be stopped. We furthermore condemn the recruitment and use of children in the armed conflict. </p> <p>The people of Yemen deserve peace and must be given a sustainable and inclusive peace. The Human Rights Council must do its part by ensuring that the situation in Yemen remains on its agenda, including by renewing the mandate of the Group of Experts.</p> <p>I thank you.</p>

26.09.2018Ræða í umræðu um Úkraínu

<p style="text-align: left;">Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands hjá alþjóðastofnunum í Genf, flutti á þriðjudag ræðu í mannréttindaráðinu um stöðuna í Úkraínu.</p> <p style="text-align: left;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Iceland Statement</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Interactive Dialogue with High Commissioner on Ukraine</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>25 September 2018</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Thank you, Mr. President,</p> <p>Iceland would like to thank the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for its continued work to monitor the human rights situation in the armed conflict zone and other parts of Ukraine.</p> <p>We share concerns about the lack of effective investigation into conflict-related human rights violations, such as arbitrary detention, torture and ill-treatment in government-controlled territory. </p> <p>Iceland deplores that between 16 May and 15 August 2018, OHCHR recorded 105 civilian casualties in eastern Ukraine, which constitutes a 30 per cent increase compared to the previous reporting period. As noted in the report, increased hostilities worsen the immediate and long-term human rights protection of people living in the affected areas. We call on all parties, –the Government of Ukraine and the Russian Federation and other groups – to end all hostilities and human rights abuses and to bring to an end to the conflict by strictly adhering to the ceasefire and implementing other obligations foreseen in the Minsk agreements.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>We also call on the Russian Federation to Implement General Assembly Resolution 72/190 of 19 December 2017, including by ensuring proper and unimpeded access of international human rights monitoring missions and human rights non-governmental organizations to Crimea as well as to respect obligations applicable to an Occupying Power pursuant to international humanitarian law, including the obligation to respect laws in force in an occupied territory.</p> <p>We reiterate our respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine within its internationally recognised borders.</p> <p>Finally, we call on all sides to take urgent measures to protect LGBT persons and activists, who are subjected to cruel attacks and harassment and hold perpetrators accountable.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>I thank you.</p>

26.09.2018Ræða um rasisma

<p>Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands hjá alþjóðastofnunum í Genf, flutti á þriðjudag ræðu í mannréttindaráðinu um rasisma og um mikilvægi þess að þjóðir heims tækju höndum saman til að sporna við fordómum og ofsóknum sem tengjast uppruna fólks.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Iceland Statement under Item 8</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>24 September 2018</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Iceland is committed to fight racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. The Icelandic Constitution prohibits discrimination based on racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, and provisions in the General Penal Code specifically safeguard against such discrimination. </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>In addition, The Penal Code also makes it clear that any kind of attack or incitement against a person or a group of persons based on their nationality, ethnicity, race or religion is not tolerated. </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>We unfortunately see an increase in such incitement around the world. But this is not only true for racism and xenophobia but we also see increased intolerance and attacks being directed at those that fight for gender equality, as well as those that fight for the rights of LGBTI persons. Hate speech and incitement is never justified, for whatever reason.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Just yesterday our leaders came together in New York to celebrate the life and achievements of Nelson Mandela. There they committed to redouble efforts to build a just, peaceful, prosperous, inclusive and fair world, and revive the values for which Nelson Mandela stood by placing human dignity at the centre of their actions. </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>And relevant to the work of this Council, they recognised that the respect for the inherent dignity and the equal and inalienable rights, as well as the fundamental freedoms, of all members of the human family is the foundation of inclusivity, justice and peace in the world. They declared that racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance represent the very opposite of the noble purposes of the United Nations. </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>We must build on those commitments in our work to advance the fight against racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President, </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>We all constitute one human family. We must never forget that it is our joint obligation to eliminate racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance. We must work together to achieve this goal. Iceland is willing to its part.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>I thank you Mr. President</p>

25.09.2018Ræða um réttindi hinsegin fólks (LGBTI)

<p>Þorvarður Atli Þórsson sendiráðunautur flutti á mánudag ávarp fyrir Íslands hönd í mannréttindaráðinu um réttindi LGBTI-fólks sem oft sætir miklum fordómum og ofsóknum.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Iceland Statement under Item 8</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>24 September 2018</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p><span><br /> This year we celebrate the seventieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Iceland firmly believes that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights and that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in the declaration and reinforced in the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> As a member of the Human Rights Council Iceland will continue to support the Human Rights of LGBTI individuals, both home and abroad, and in that context I would like to hail the recent decision by the Indian Supreme Court to decriminalise same-sex relations.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> This ruling is a welcome development. Too many states still hold laws on their books that criminalise consensual adult relationships and we want to take this opportunity to encourage them, as the High Commissioner did in her Oral Update, to look to India´s example in this respect.<br /> <br /> Mr. President,<br /> <br /> I am proud to be able to say that Iceland currently tops the index when it comes to LGBTI social acceptance, according to a study by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development from 2017. Recently, domestic funding for LGBTI issues has been doubled and an ambitious law on gender identity recognition is in the pipeline.<br /> <br /> We continue to support the historic mandate of the Independent Expert on protection against violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, as well as the United Nations Free and Equal campaign. Both are important in their own right as we need to address both discrimination and violence but also work to increase the social acceptance in our societies. We have seen that change can happen fast when we come out together for the dignity and rights of all.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> <br /> I thank you</span></p>

25.09.2018Umræða um jafnrétti kynjanna II - ræða Eistlands

<p>Eistland flutti á mánudag ræðu í mannréttindaráðinu fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna og Eystrasaltsríkjanna (NB8) í almennri umræðu um jafnrétti kynjanna.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Human Rights Council 39<sup>th</sup> Session. </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Item 8: General Debate</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>24 September 2018</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Nordic-Baltic Intervention by H.E. Ambassador Andre Pung, Estonia</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>This statement is made on behalf of the Nordic and Baltic countries: Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and my own country Estonia.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights” and “Human rights of women and of the girl-child are an inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights” are quotes from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the Vienna Declaration, that are often highlighted. However, while celebrating the 70<sup>th</sup> and the 25<sup>th</sup> anniversary of the mentioned documents, we can conclude that these words have not always been followed by sufficient actions. </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Acknowledging the advancements of the enjoyment of human rights by women and girls, the World Economic Forum in its last year’s report concluded that at the current rate of progress, the global gender gap will take 100 years to close. The struggle of women’s rights movements and the strive for equal opportunities for women around the world show that it is high time to move from words to actions, to end all forms of gender inequalities. </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Women and girls are often more deeply impacted than men and boys by poverty, climate change, food insecurity, conflict, inadequate access to basic services and global economic crises. For making progress on ensuring the enjoyment of human rights by all women and girls and making our words count, we need to have a gender responsive approach in all policy fields, at the international, national and local levels. This is also well demonstrated through a number of thematic reports presented to the Human Rights Council at the ongoing session, be it on safe drinking water and sanitation, death penalty or preventable maternal mortality. For women’s and girls’ rights to be realized it is crucial to eliminate gender based violence and ensure women’s and girls’ right to decide freely on matters affecting all aspects of their life, including their sexual and reproductive health and rights. There also needs to be effective and meaningful participation of women at all levels of decision making in political, economic and public life. </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The Nordic and Baltic countries remain fully committed to respecting, protecting and fulfilling the human rights of all women and girls. We urge all States to fulfill their human rights obligations towards women and girls in their countries.&nbsp; </p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Thank you!</p>

25.09.2018Umræða um jafnrétti kynjanna II - ræða Lettlands

<p>Lettland flutti á mánudag ræðu í mannréttindaráðinu fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna og Eystrasaltsríkjanna (NB8) í sérstakri umræðu um jafnrétti kynjanna.</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>39<sup>th</sup> session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Annual discussion on the integration of a gender perspective through the work of the Human Rights Council and that of its mechanisms</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><em>Theme: Gender integration and human rights investigations: strengthening a victim-centred approach</em></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>24 September 2018</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Intervention by the Nordic – Baltic States</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>delivered by H.E. Jānis Kārkliņš, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Latvia to the United Nations Office in Geneva</strong></p> <p>Mr President, Distinguished panellists,</p> <p>I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the Nordic and Baltic countries [Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and Latvia].</p> <p>We welcome todays’ important discussion. </p> <p>Gender mainstreaming is essential to all the work of this Council and its mechanisms, including human rights investigative teams.</p> <p>Despite efforts to combat sexual and other forms of gender-based violence, these crimes remain common and widespread in humanitarian and conflict situations. Women and girls continue to account for the vast majority of those affected. Impunity for such crimes can never be tolerated. Human rights investigative teams play a vital role in mapping human rights violations and abuses in a given context, which is crucial for holding perpetrators of such crimes to account. In carrying out this work, it is crucial to understand and investigate all forms of gender-based violence, not merely sexual violence. </p> <p>We believe that integration of a gender perspective throughout the work of the Council’s human rights investigative bodies is crucial not only to uncover the causes, patterns and extent of the human rights violations committed, but also to better respond to the fact, that women, girls, men and boys may experience human rights violations and abuses differently.</p> <p>The investigation of human rights violations through the prism of gender perspective also allows moving towards specific, action-oriented and victim-cantered recommendations that can bring a real change ensuring that all violations and abuses are accounted for, as well as preventing gender-based violence and discrimination in the future. Identifying the root causes of gender-based violence should also contextualize it within the gendered structures of society, identifying the broader patterns of discrimination against women and girls.</p> <p>Gender integration of human rights investigations also relates to the composition of the mechanisms of the Human Rights Council, where gender parity must be the goal.</p> <p>We would like to ask the distinguished panellists the following – Conflict often exacerbates existing inequalities. How can we ensure that human rights investigations are gender transformative, not focusing only on the sexual and gender based violence but also look at the underlying causes such as stereotypes, gender power relations and structural discrimination against women and girls?</p> <p>I thank you Mr President!</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

25.09.2018Umræða um jafnrétti kynjanna I

<p style="text-align: center;">Kanada flutti á mánudag ræðu í mannréttindaráðinu fyrir hönd hins svokallaða Fjallahóps (Kanada, Nýja Sjáland, Ástralía, Sviss, Ísland, Noregur og Liechtenstein) í sérstakri umræðu um jafnrétti kynjanna.&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>HRC39</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Joint Statement</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Annual Discussion on integration of a gender perspective </strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">September 24, 2018</p> <p style="text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p>I have the honour to deliver this joint statement on behalf of Australia, Iceland, Liechtenstein, New Zealand, Norway, Switzerland and my own country, Canada. </p> <p>We welcome this important discussion on the use of gender-sensitive methodologies and the integration of a gender perspective into human rights investigative mechanisms.</p> <p>In recent years, UN commissions of inquiry and fact-finding missions have increasingly sought to integrate a gender perspective into their work, in particular through the presence of gender advisors dedicated to ensuring the gender sensitivity of the investigation mechanism and by collecting evidence of sexual and gender-based violence. </p> <p>While this is to be commended, there is much more work to be done by COIs, FFMs and other investigative mechanisms in fully integrating a gender perspective throughout investigations.</p> <p>First, commissioners and experts should gather contextual information to uncover and analyze the root causes of gender-based human rights violations and abuses in conflict settings, including historical and structural gender inequalities and multiple and intersecting forms of discrimination.</p> <p>Second, investigators should systematically collect data disaggregated by gender, age, race, ethnicity, disability and other identifying characteristics to determine the degree to which all human rights – including sexual and reproductive health and rights – of various subgroups of individuals are respected, protected and fulfilled in times of conflict. </p> <p>Third, meeting with women human rights defenders and civil society organizations, including feminist networks and LGBTI persons, should be built into the working methods of human rights investigative mechanisms in order to capture diverse gender perspectives.&nbsp; </p> <p>Fourth, recommendations on accountability measures should reflect the voices of women, girls and all individuals who experience gender-based human rights violations and abuses in conflict.</p> <p>The comprehensive integration of a gender perspective into the mandates of COIs, FFMs and other human rights investigative mechanisms is not only an important – but truly an essential – step towards achieving gender equality.</p>

21.09.2018Heit um góð vinnubrögð nýrra meðlima

<span> </span> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">39th session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;"><span style="font-size: 15px; background-color: rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.85); font-family: roboto, Arial, sans-serif; color: #444444;">Human rights bodies and mechanisms</span>&nbsp;- Item 5</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;">21 September 2018</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; color: #555555;">Delivered by Iceland</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">Mr President.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">As incoming members of the Human Rights Council, we are committed to the success and effectiveness of the Council and are convinced that the Council plays an invaluable role in promoting and protecting human rights worldwide.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">Resolution 60/251, setting up this Council over ten years ago, makes clear that Council members shall “uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights” and “fully cooperate with the Council”.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">In furtherance of these requirements, we commit to strengthening the Council through good practice, and pledge to:</span></p> <ul style="list-style-type: disc;"> <li style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">cooperate in good faith with the OHCHR, the Council and its mechanisms, including responding in a timely manner to Special Procedures’ communications, urgent appeals and country visit requests;</span></li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">address human rights concerns on their merits, applying objective and human rights-based criteria in determining whether and how the Council should respond to a situation of concern, and take leadership and responsibility in initiating action when such criteria are met;</span></li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">engage in the work of this Council in a spirit of self-reflection with a view to improving our own human rights situation, recognizing that no State has a perfect human rights record;</span></li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">engage in the work of the Council in good faith and in a transparent manner, including in resolution negotiations;</span></li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">avoid procedural tactics when used to block genuine debate and prevent the Council from considering human rights issues on their merits;</span></li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">work to fulfill the Council’s prevention mandate through both technical assistance and capacity-building, as well as receiving from the High Commissioner “early warning” information about patterns of violations, and taking early preventive action;</span></li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">plan to make progress in the promotion, protection and realization of human rights at the national level, including through implementation of recommendations and resolutions of the Council and its mechanisms;</span></li> <li style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">work in cooperation with civil society in relation to our engagement with the Council, support civil society participation throughout the work of the Council, strive to create a safe and enabling environment for civil society, and engage robustly to prevent and address acts of intimidation and reprisals, speaking up to address such incidents when they occur.</span></li> </ul> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Cambria;">We are convinced that these commitments when properly respected and applied will help strengthen the Council’s effectiveness and credibility.</span></p>

20.09.2018Norræn ræða í umræðu um réttindi frumbyggja

<span> </span> <p style="text-align: center;"><span><strong>Human Rights Council </strong></span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span><strong>39<sup>th</sup> Session</strong></span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span>Clustered Interactive Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP)</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span>19 September 2018</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span>Statement on behalf of the Nordic countries </span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;">Mr. President,</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">I have the honour to speak on behalf of the Nordic countries: Finland, Denmark together with Greenland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden.&nbsp; </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">We welcome the reports presented by both the Special Rapporteur and the Expert Mechanism. </span><span>During its 10<sup>th</sup> session in July 2017, the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (the Expert Mechanism), under its mandate in resolution 33/25, decided to produce a study on “free, prior and informed consent” (FPIC), as it </span><span style="font-family: Calibri;">appears in several provisions of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">In this study the Expert Mechanism provides insight how EMRIP understands free, prior and informed consent. </span><span style="font-family: Arial;">We look forward to reading the final version, in light of the input that has been given on the draft version. </span><span style="font-family: Calibri;">The concept of free, prior and informed consent is closely connected to consultations, which </span><span style="letter-spacing: -0.05pt; font-family: Calibri;">serve as an important tool to secure participation from indigenous peoples in decision-making processes and as a tool to increase knowledge of indigenous peoples' issues in Government ministries and agencies. </span><span style="font-family: Calibri;">Consultation requires resources as well as time. T<span style="letter-spacing: 0.25pt;">he consultations must for example take place at a time where it is still possible to influence the legislative or administrative measures.</span> </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">Turning to the report by the Special Rapporteur. We note with concern the findings of her report highlighting the unique vulnerability of indigenous human rights defenders towards attacks and criminalization. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">The work of indigenous human rights defenders is highly important as it attests to the developments on the ground – for better or for worse - and provides important information to this Council. The work of indigenous human rights defenders must be safeguarded and their efforts recognized for its importance in the advancement of the rights of indigenous peoples. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">In closing, we would like the Special Rapporteur’s reflections on<span style="text-decoration: underline;"> </span>what good practices can be identified in implementation of human rights impact assessments for large scale development projects? </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Calibri;">Thank you for your attention.</span></p>

20.09.2018Ræða um ofsóknir gegn baráttufólki fyrir mannréttindum

<span> </span> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Human Rights Council </span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 12pt;">39<sup>th</sup> Session</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Interactive Dialogue with the Assistant Secretary-General on SG report on reprisals</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;">19 September 2018</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Statement on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic countries </span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 12pt; letter-spacing: -0.05pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12pt; letter-spacing: -0.05pt;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12pt; letter-spacing: -0.05pt;">Mr. President,</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12pt; letter-spacing: -0.05pt;">I am delivering this statement on behalf of Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Sweden and Denmark.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;">We are deeply concerned by the increased number of allegations contained in the reprisals reports from the Secretary-General, which documents how acts of intimidation and reprisal against those cooperating with the United Nations continues to be a grave problem.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Intimidation and reprisals affect not only individuals and groups, but are alarming also for the very negative message they send to others who wish to engage with the United Nations freely. It is very disturbing that the UN has documented self-censorship in all regions. We are particularly concerned about reports of acts of reprisals by Council Members and candidates for Council membership who must uphold the highest human rights standards. We call on every State to make it a priority to prevent and put an end to acts of intimidation and reprisals.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Another disturbing trend is </span><span style="font-size: 12pt;">the use of national security arguments and counter-terrorism strategies by States as justification for blocking access for civil society to the UN. As the report highlights, protecting human rights is the best way to tackle the root causes of terrorism. National security should never be an excuse to limit participation and engagement with the UN.</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: 12pt;">With reference to resolution A/36/21, we encourage the </span><span style="font-size: 12pt;">&nbsp;HRC Presidency to provide short oral updates on cases of alleged intimidation or reprisal, including actions taken, at the start of the Item 5 general debate of each Human Rights Council session, and to provide States concerned with the opportunity to respond.</span></p> <ul style="list-style-type: disc;"> <li><span style="font-size: 12pt;">Mr Gilmour, what do you see as the greatest obstacles in combatting reprisals, and how can we best help you from Geneva?</span></li> </ul>

20.09.2018Ræða um réttindi frumbyggja

<span> </span> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">Human Rights Council 39th Session</span></strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">NORDIC-BALTIC STATEMENT <br /> Delivered by Denmark</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">Annual Panel Discussion on the rights of indigenous peoples, on the participation and inclusion of indigenous peoples in the development and implementation of strategies and projects in the context of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development</span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">19 September 2018</span></p> <p style="text-align: right;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">[Check against delivery]</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">Thank you, Mr President</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">I have the honour to make this statement on behalf of the Nordic-Baltic countries<a href="/lisa/extensions/news/editnews.aspx?CategoryIds=dc16b625-6eec-11e8-9429-005056bc4d74&amp;LiveEditPopup=true&amp;design=DesignPageItems#_ftn1" name="_ftnref1"><span style="font-size: 14pt; color: black;">[1]</span></a>.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">We welcome the report<a href="/lisa/extensions/news/editnews.aspx?CategoryIds=dc16b625-6eec-11e8-9429-005056bc4d74&amp;LiveEditPopup=true&amp;design=DesignPageItems#_ftn2" name="_ftnref2"><span style="font-size: 14pt; color: black;">[2]</span></a> of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on the rights of indigenous peoples, which underscores the particular relevance of the 2030 Agenda - and its focus on reducing inequalities and leaving no one behind - to indigenous peoples. </span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) place emphasis on participation and the principle of consultation in order to obtain free, prior and informed consent. Consequently, </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">we support </span><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">mechanisms for indigenous peoples’ participation in the implementation, follow-up and review of the 2030 Agenda. Here, it is important to consider the interlinkages and possible synergies with other initiatives and frameworks such as the Local Communities and Indigenous Peoples Platform. We therefore also encourage States to include information related to indigenous peoples in their voluntary reviews for the high-level political forum on sustainable development.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">We support integrating the promotion and protection of the rights of indigenous peoples into development policies, including in the implementation of development programmes aiming at achieving the goals of the 2030 Agenda. In order to systematically monitor the level of recognition and implementation, we encourage the further development of tools for collecting disaggregated data, such as the “Indigenous Navigator”.</span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;">In closing, we kindly ask the Panel’s reflections on how all stakeholders can better integrate the protection of the rights of indigenous peoples in the implementation of the 2030 Agenda? </span></p> <span style="font-size: 14pt; font-family: Garamond;"> Thank you. </span> <div><br clear="all" /> <hr align="left" size="1" width="33%" /> <div id="ftn1"> <p><a href="/lisa/extensions/news/editnews.aspx?CategoryIds=dc16b625-6eec-11e8-9429-005056bc4d74&amp;LiveEditPopup=true&amp;design=DesignPageItems#_ftnref1" name="_ftn1"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Verdana;">[1]</span></a><span> </span><span style="font-family: Garamond;">Norway, Finland, Iceland, Sweden, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, and Denmark together with Greenland.</span></p> </div> <div id="ftn2"> <p><a href="/lisa/extensions/news/editnews.aspx?CategoryIds=dc16b625-6eec-11e8-9429-005056bc4d74&amp;LiveEditPopup=true&amp;design=DesignPageItems#_ftnref2" name="_ftn2"><span style="font-size: 10pt; font-family: Verdana;">[2]</span></a><span> </span><span style="font-family: Garamond;">A/HRC/39/37</span></p> </div> </div>

18.09.2018Ræða um ástandið í Myanmar

<p style="text-align: center;"><strong>39th session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><strong>Statement in Interactive Dialogue with Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar</strong></strong></p> <p>18 September 2018<br /> <br /> Delivered by Iceland</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>We are pleased to have this opportunity to engage with the Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar on this urgent matter.</p> <p>The findings of the report of the Fact-Finding Mission are indeed shocking. The report indicates genocide and crimes against humanity may have been committed by Myanmar Security Forces during their campaign against the Rohingya people. As is always the case in crises and conflicts, women and children are among those suffering most.</p> <p>We are alarmed by these findings, in particular we are dismayed that persecution of Rohingya people appears to be continuing to this day in Rakhine. It indicates that the Myanmar security forces are acting with complete impunity. Thus, my delegation fully supports the efforts of this body including the ongoing discussions on how we can ensure accountability including through trial in national and international courts, including possibly by the International Criminal Court.&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President</p> <p>The report is based on hundreds of interviews with affected individuals. It is conclusive beyond reasonable doubt, identifying where specifically violations and/or crimes have been committed and where the principal responsibility lies. Indeed, the report names individuals who should be investigated and prosecuted.</p> <p>In this context, the response of the Myanmar Government to the report of the Fact-Finding Mission is deeply disappointing.&nbsp;</p> <p>Iceland furthermore finds it abhorrent that the Government of Myanmar has arrested and prosecuted journalists involved in documenting some of the massacres which have occurred. We support the High Commissioner´s call that these individuals be immediately released. We also want to use this opportunity to commend Bangladesh for opening its doors to Rohingya fleeing the violence and persecution in Myanmar.</p> <p>I thank you.</p>

18.09.2018Ræða í umræðu um lönd sem þarfnast sérstakrar athugunar

<p style="text-align: center;">39th session of the Human Rights Council</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Human rights situations that require the Council’s attention</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Item 4</strong></p> <p>18 September 2018<br /> <br /> Delivered by Iceland</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>Iceland is very concerned about the situation in <strong>Nicaragua</strong>, where OHCHR has reported&nbsp; some 400 people have been killed because of a police campaign of extrajudicial killings; enforced disappearances; widespread ill-treatment, and instances of torture and sexual violence, as well as other human rights violations. We regret the decision by the Government to cease cooperation with OHCHR after the publication of its report.&nbsp;</p> <p>The situation in <strong>Venezuela </strong>is also of great concern, with reports that more than two million people have fled the country, with those numbers expanding day by day, and that those remain may be suffering from extreme effects of poverty, including malnutrition and health problems. Iceland will support a resolution in this Council which seeks to address the situation there.</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. It goes without saying, in our view, that women should be allowed to enjoy their full human rights. Therefore, reports of a recent serious crackdown on human rights defenders in <strong>Saudi Arabia</strong>, especially defenders of women´s rights, are of great concern to us.</p> <p>Iceland is opposed to the use of the death penalty under any circumstance but reports of the use of the death penalty by Saudi authorities to silence those who seek to enjoy their full human rights is deplorable in our opinion.&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>In <strong>Iran</strong>, Iceland finds the continued use of the death penalty for juvenile offenders very troubling. The arrests and ill-treatment of human rights defenders in Iran is also of concern and we would like to stress that freedom of expression is one of the fundamental principles imbued in every living person, in our view.</p> <p>I thank you.</p> <style type="text/css"> p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; text-align: justify; font: 14.0px 'Times New Roman'} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; text-align: justify; font: 14.0px 'Times New Roman'; min-height: 16.0px} </style>

17.09.2018Ræða um ástandið í Búrúndí

<span></span> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">Davíð Logi Sigurðsson, deildarstjóri mannréttindamála í utanríkisráðuneytinu, flutti í dag ávarp í umræðu um&nbsp;<a href="https://www.iceland.is/iceland-abroad/efta/files/burundi.pdf" target="_blank" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; text-decoration: none; color: #006699;">skýrslu</a>&nbsp;sem rannsóknarnefnd á vegum ráðsins hefur skilað af sér og hefur að geyma alvarlegar upplýsingar um mannréttindabrot í Búrúndi, sem og skort á samstarfsvilja stjórnvalda í landinu við nefndina.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">39th session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;">Statement on Burundi</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;">17 September 2018</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; color: #555555;">Delivered by Iceland</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Thank you Mr. President<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> &nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Iceland thanks the Commission of Inquiry for their report on the human rights situation in Burundi.<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> We take this opportunity to express our concern over the lack of cooperation shown by the Government of Burundi, as described in the report. The Human Rights Council has passed resolution 36/19 urging the Burundi Government to cooperate fully, allow visits by the Commission and provide it with all the relevant information to fulfill its mandate.<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> In this context, we would like to recall in particular that elected members of this Council shall uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">The Commission of Inquiry is to be commended for the detailed report it has been able to provide, despite the difficult conditions it has had to conduct its work under.<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> We remain deeply concerned over the situation in Burundi, as described in the report, with indications that crimes against humanity may have been committed.<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> We are concerned over the continued violence committed by the National Intelligence Service, the Burundian police, army and the Imbonerakure, the ruling party‘s youth league. Furthermore, the persistence of violations of international law, such as extrajudicial executions, arbitrary arrests and detentions, enforced disappearances, torture and sexual violence continue to be a grave concern.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We look forward to supporting a resolution in this council extending the mandate of the Commission of Inquiry. However, we take this opportunity to reiterate our call to the Government of Burundi to immediately cooperate with the Commission.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">I thank you.</p>

17.09.2018Ræða um mannréttindaástandið í Sýrlandi

<span></span> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">39th session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;">Item4: Interactive dialogue with the Commission of Inquiry (COI) on the<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> Syrian Arab Republic</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;">17 September 2018<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> Internention by the Nordic countries</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; color: #555555;">Delivered by Iceland</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">I have the honour to speak on behalf of the Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Sweden and Norway.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We are deeply concerned about the looming humanitarian catastrophe in Idlib. Only this year, 1,2 million Syrians have been displaced. We call on all parties, in particular the Syrian regime and its allies, to cease hostilities and ensure &nbsp;protection of civilians, as well as&nbsp; humanitarian access. All parties in Syria must respect their obligations under international law, including international humanitarian law and human rights.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We condemn all use of chemical weapons in Syria. The regime’s repeated use of chemical weapons against its own population, as confirmed by the UN-OPCW Joint Investigative Mechanism, is unacceptable. All such use is reprehensible and constitutes a serious violation of international law. Those found responsible for chemical weapons’ use must be held accountable.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We express alarm over the systematic human rights violations committed by the Syrian regime, including related to detention practices. There are numerous challenges connected to the protection of housing, land and property rights (HLP), such as Law No. 10 enacted by the Syrian regime. We are especially worried about the grave implications for female-headed households and refugees. The Nordic countries support the recommendations proposed on HLP in the latest COI report.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We continue to pursue accountability and strongly support the triple-I-M and the COI as well as civil society actors who risk their lives to ensure documentation of crimes. We urge others to support these efforts.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Finally, we underline the need for progress in the UN-led political processes. The underlying causes must be addressed to end the conflict and prevent future conflicts.</p>

17.09.2018Ræða um stöðuna í Suður-Súdan

<span></span> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">39th session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">ID with Commission on Human Rights</strong><br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">in South Sudan (oral update)</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;">17 September 2018<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> Delivered by Iceland</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">Mr. President</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">Iceland is grateful for having this opportunity to engage with the Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">In its last report in March of this year, the Commission concluded that most of the parties to the conflict in South Sudan had been “deliberately targeting civilians on the basis of their ethnic identity and by means of killings, abductions, rape and sexual violence, as well as looting and the destruction of villages“.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">We would agree that those acts constitute war crimes and crimes against humanity and believe there must be accountability for those responsible for any such acts.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">We look forward to receiving the Commission´s next report, at the March session of the Council next year, which we hope will provide clarity on who is responsible for the worst human rights violations in the conflict in South Sudan, including sexual and gender-based violence and ethnic violence.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">While we welcome the latest peace agreement signed by the warring parties in South Sudan, and hope it will finally bring durable peace to the long-suffering people of South Sudan, we are concerned about the recent announcement by President Kiir of a general amnesty and would like to ask the members of the Commission whether they think peace in South Sudan can take hold if there is no &nbsp;accountability for the crimes committed against civilians in the country, as well as international aid workers.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">I thank you.</p>

13.09.2018Ræða á 70 ára afmæli sáttmála Sameinuðu þjóðanna um ráðstafanir gegn þjóðarmorði

<span></span> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Andrius Krivas, fastafulltrúi Litháen í Genf, flutti í dag ávarp fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna og Eystrasaltsríkjanna (NB8-ríkjanna svonefndu) í sérstakri umræðu um þjóðarmorð í mannréttindaráði Sameinuðu þjóðanna í Genf, en sjötíu ár eru nú liðin síðan sáttmálinn um ráð­staf­an­ir gegn og refs­ing­ar fyr­ir þjóðarmorð var gerður. Sáttmálinn var sá fyrsti á sviði mannréttinda sem gerður var á vettvangi Sameinuðu þjóðanna.<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> Ýmsir virtir sérfræðingar á sviði þjóðaréttar tóku þátt í umræðunni í dag og sem m.a. hafa unnið við dómstóla SÞ um þjóðarmorð í Rúanda og Júgóslavíu. Michelle Bachelet, mannréttindafulltrúi SÞ, og utanríkisráðherra Armeníu, Zohrab Mnatsakanyan, tóku einnig þátt í umræðunni.&nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">39th session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;">High Level Panel discussion on the 70th Anniversary of the Convention on Prevention of Genocide Nordic-Baltic Statement</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: -webkit-center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; color: #555555;">13 September 2018</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: -webkit-center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; color: #555555;">Delivered by Lithuania</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">I have the honour to deliver this statement on behalf of the Nordic and Baltic countries; Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Latvia, Norway, Sweden and my own country Lithuania.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">This year marks the 70<span style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;">th</span>&nbsp;anniversary of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. During these years, much progress has been made in the fight against impunity for the perpetrators of atrocity crimes. Landmark convictions paved the way for the establishment, twenty years ago, of the International Criminal Court.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">After the genocide in Rwanda, the international community promised “never again”. Despite this, and a commitment by UN Member States to protect populations, atrocity crimes, continue to be perpetrated. For persecuted persons across the globe, these promises and commitments have failed to translate into action.&nbsp; Impunity is still all too common.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We therefore need, not only more robust accountability mechanisms, but also a focus on prevention. While the primary responsibility lies with States, early responses must be undertaken by all, at local, national and international level. We believe that the Human Rights Council and other Geneva-based human rights mechanisms are particularly well suited to recognise early warning signs of genocide and other mass atrocity crimes. Violations of human rights law and humanitarian law are common risk factors that can lead to the commission of atrocity crimes. These crimes are also a threat to national, regional and international peace, security and stability. We also welcome the Special Rapporteur’s commitment to strengthen the gender perspective in his thematic and country-related work</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We would like to thank the UN Special Advisor on the Prevention of Genocide, Adama Dieng, for his tireless work on genocide prevention by putting human rights, the responsibility to protect and prevention of atrocity crimes at the center of his office’s work. The anniversary of the Genocide Convention provides an opportunity to promote its universal ratification. The Nordic and Baltic countries urge all states that are not yet party to the Genocide Convention to ratify or accede to it. We are committed to continue our unwavering support for the Special Advisor and his office’s work. We can all, and must all, do more. &nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Mr. Adama Dieng, how can we support you in your important work to promote the universal ratification of the Genocide Convention?</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">I thank you.</p>

13.09.2018Samspil þróunar og mannréttinda

<span></span> <div style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Þorvarður Atli Þórsson, sendiráðunautur, flutti í dag ræðu á 39. reglubundnum fundi Mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna um mikilvægi þess að mannréttindi sé hluti af umræðu um þróun og jákvætt samspil þróunar og mannréttinda. Ísland lagði áherslu á framfylgd nýju heimsmarkmiðanna og að áhersla á ójöfnuð væri mikilvæg í því samhengi. Ná þyrfti til og vernda mannréttinda þeirra allra fátækustu og þar væru jafnréttisáherslur mikilvægar.</div> <div style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">&nbsp;</div> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">39th session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Item 3</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">The right to development</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;">13 September 2018</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; color: #555555;">Delivered by Iceland</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Mr. President,<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> We are pleased to engage here today with the Special Rapporteur on the right to development.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">One of the major advances of the Sustainable Development Goals compared with the Millennium Development Goals is that they apply to developing and developed countries alike. &nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We believe that another key component of Agenda 2030, which the MDGs neglected, is that it explicitly acknowledges that human rights are essential components of sustainable development, and vice versa. The premise of the Goals to leave no one behind can help to promote inclusive development policies, as well as to serve as a foundation for human rights promotion in development.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We believe this is particularly important in our discussion on the right to development, as well as on the link between development and human rights. It is also founded on our commitment in the Vienna Declaration where we reaffirmed that democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms are interdependent and mutually reinforcing.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;"><br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> Mr. President,</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We are particularly pleased with the focus of the report of the rapporteur on inequality as it is an element of Agenda 2030 that could benefit from increased attention and it can affect not only enjoyment of economic and social rights, but also infringe on civil and political rights.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We particularly would like to thank the Rapporteur for highlighting gender inequality in this context and for featuring the positive steps Iceland has taken to outlaw unequal pay. We agree with the Rapporteur that ensuring that no one is left behind requires a dedicated focus on the equal rights of women and men and on ensuring women’s participation in decision-making.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We would therefore like to ask the Special Rapporteur, how can the lens of Agenda 2030 and the right to development continue to support and build a foundation for the mutually reinforcing link between development and human rights?</p>

12.09.2018Ræða Íslands um hættuleg efni og úrgang

<span></span> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">Andri Júlíusson, sendiráðunautur, flutti í dag ræðu um þá hættu sem fólki stafar af meðferð skaðlegra og hættulegra efna við vinnu sína. Ísland lagði áherslu á að öll ríki bæru ábyrgð á að hindra skaðleg áhrif efna á fólk við vinnu sína og að hér væri ekki um að ræða málefni sem ætti að sundra ríkjum heldur sameina þau í leit að lausnum.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">39th session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Item 3</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;">Hazardous wastes</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;">12 September 2018</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; color: #555555;">Delivered by Iceland</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Thank you Mr. Vice-President</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Every worker wants to, and has the right to be safe at work, free from harm and exposure to toxic substances. Unfortunately, millions of workers do not enjoy this right as clearly displayed in the report by the special rapporteur, and we thank him for his work.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">States have the responsibility to protect worker’s health and live up to international obligations. Companies, economic actors, investors, regional and local governments are also responsible for the conditions of workers. Today, no one can hide behind lack of information about what substances used in industry and manufacturing can cause illness, disability or premature death.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Some argue that preventive action and using alternative materials is too expensive or too cumbersome! Such arguments are not to be accepted, never should short term profit, at the cost of human health or human lives, be tolerated.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">States must rise above such behaviour and take immediate action to improve the grave situation. To do so may be challenging, however, assistance and guidance from competent international organisations is readily available, e.g. from WHO and ILO.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Protecting our workers from toxics is not a geopolitical issue – this is one of the rare issues at our table that surely should unite us and give us a common undisputed goal. That is, to ensure respect for basic human rights of workers, to create a safe working environment for all and by doing so cutting both financial and societal losses caused by the current situation.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Thank you.</p>

11.09.2018Viðbrögð við skýrslu mannréttindafulltrúa Sameinuðu þjóðanna

<p><span>Thank you Mr. President,<br /> Iceland wishes to congratulate Mrs. Bachelet on taking up the post of High Commissioner, while at the same time using this opportunity to thank her predecessor, High Commissioner Zeid, for his leadership and courage during his tenure.<br /> As a new member on this Council, Iceland welcomes the High Commissioner´s very useful oral update yesterday. We share many of her concerns and she can rely on our full support in her challenging assignment.<br /> <br /> Mr. President,<br /> We believe, as the High Commissioner, that Human Rights express the core purpose of the United Nations. Advancing the dignity and equality of all human beings must be our fundamental goal. Only that way can we attain peace, security and sustainable development for all societies. We firmly believe also that upholding human rights is in the interest of every state.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span>It is States which have the primary responsibility for upholding the rights of their people. It would seem logical that the States that sit on this Council should be first among equals in their contribution to the promotion and protection of Human Rights. Unfortunately, this is not the case, as we heard yesterday, when the High Commissioner raised some of the most pressing human rights issues facing this body currently.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span>I take this opportunity to recall that in his address to this Council in February, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Iceland, shared his concerns that countries such as the Philippines, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia and Egypt are members on the Council and yet their human rights record has been far from exemplary.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span>We could add others, mentioned by the High Commissioner yesterday, but the question is how we can, together with these countries, truly deliver on the commitment that members elected to the Council shall uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights.&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span>Multilateral institutions such as the Human Rights Council will continue to face criticism, and the call for reform will become ever louder if we cannot deliver on this commitment. Member states, not least those elected to this Council, must implement the human rights commitments they have made and we must hold each other accountable when need be.</span></p> <p><span>I thank you.<br /> </span></p> <div>&nbsp;</div>

11.09.2018Ræða um réttindi aldraðra fyrir hönd Norðurlanda

<span>Mr. President,<br /> <br /> I have the honour to make this statement on behalf of Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and my own country Iceland.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Allow me to thank Ms. Kornfeld-Matte for her presentation and report. We also complement her for working with the Special Rapporteur on the rights of persons with disabilities on supporting the autonomy of older persons with disabilities. Such cooperation across mandates is exemplary.<br /> <br /> Mr. President,<br /> <br /> The Nordic population is growing. The average age of the population is also increasing, requiring the full implementation of existing obligations to ensure that the enjoyment of human rights for all is guaranteed.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> We fully support the work of the Independent Expert and are pleased to engage with her here today and in many other forums where we address the full enjoyment of human rights by older persons.<br /> <br /> Mr. President,<br /> We are proud of our Nordic welfare model that promotes equality through state policies that ensure universal access to education, health care and social protection through life. The basic values underpinning the model are compassion, tolerance and the conviction that all humans are of equal worth.<br /> <br /> That does not mean, however, that there are no challenges in the region. The ability to continually adapt to new challenges is a prerequisite for preserving the Nordic model and for coming up with innovative new welfare solutions.<br /> <br /> We therefore particularly welcome the focus of the report of the Independent Expert on social exclusion of older persons. We have seen many of the key recommendations pay dividend in our countries in reducing exclusion, such as universal pension coverage that includes both a contributory pillar and social pensions delinked from formal work. This is especially important for women who still tend to have shorter work lives and lower salaries.<br /> <br /> <em>We therefore ask the Independent Expert, how can we ensure the implementation of existing rights and recommendations, such as to social security for older persons, without discrimination of any kind and within the existing human rights framework?</em></span>

11.09.2018Ræða Íslands um nútíma þrælahald

<span>Thank you Mr. President,<br /> <br /> Iceland thanks Ms. Urmila Bhoola, Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery for her comprehensive report.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Slavery is not a problem of the past. Modern slavery remains widespread in all parts of the world. The mandate of the Special Rapporteur is central to international efforts to eradicate it and Iceland will continue to fully support it.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Mr. President,<br /> Iceland strongly commends the Special Rapporteur’s emphasis on the issue of the impact of slavery and servitude on marginalized migrant women workers in the global domestic economy. We fully share her observations, that policies are needed that tackle discrimination while also helping to balance the legitimate concerns of both employers and workers.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Mr. President,&nbsp;<br /> Iceland is certainly not immune to the difficulties encountered by migrant women in employment and their exposure to violence. A sustainable domestic work economy should ensure access to justice, effective enforcement and remedies in the case of exploitation and abuse, while also addressing issues of prejudice against migrants through advocacy.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> Modern slavery and trafficking is – in clear violation of our laws. The Government is actively working on eliminating this practice through better cooperation mechanisms and stronger supervision measures of the Icelandic Labour Market in cooperation with the labour unions<br /> <br /> Mr. President,<br /> The fight against forced labour, modern slavery and human trafficking requires a global response, and we will continue to advocate for a coherent multidimensional and multi-actor response both at the regional and international level.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> This type of criminality causes its victims in particular women and girls great suffering, and constitutes a challenge to the entire international community.&nbsp;<br /> <br /> <em>The Special Rapporteur mentions in one of her recommendations that States should create <strong>viable, accessible and non-discriminatory employment options for women as a sustainable alternative to poverty and to prevent exploitation. We ask the Special Rapporteur to give us some examples of these options?&nbsp;</strong></em><br /> &nbsp;<br /> I Thank you<br /> </span> <div>&nbsp;</div>

19.06.2018Ræða Íslands um ástand mannréttindamála á Filippseyjum

<p>Harald Aspelund, fastafulltrúi Íslands, flutti í dag ræðu á 38. reglubundnum fundi Mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna fyrir hönd tæplega 40 ríkja um ástand mannréttindamála á Filippseyjum.</p> <div> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Human Rights Council 38th&nbsp;session</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;">Joint Statement on the Human Rights Situation in the Philippines</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>General Debate - Item 2</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>19 June 2018</strong></p> <p>Delivered by Iceland</p> <p>Thank you Mr. President,</p> <p>I have the honour to make this statement on behalf of a group of 38 States.</p> <p>The Philippines is a current member of the Human Rights Council. States which are elected to join the Council should lead by example and are expected to uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights during their time as members. The Human Rights Council has a responsibility to fulfill its duty to promote universal respect for the protection of all human rights and fundamental freedoms for all, without distinction of any kind and in a fair and equal manner. If needed, the Council may take further steps, including a more formal Council initiative to try and ensure that member states meet their human rights obligations.</p> <p>While acknowledging that drug use in the Philippines is a serious problem, actions to tackle drug abuse must be carried out in full respect of the rule of law and compliance with international human rights obligations. We urge the government of the Philippines to take all necessary measures to bring killings associated with the campaign against illegal drugs to an end and cooperate with the international community to investigate all related deaths and hold perpetrators accountable.</p> <p>We are also concerned over reports of harassment of persons exercising their rights to freedom of opinion and expression, including human rights defenders and journalists. We are also concerned about the harassment of members of the Commission on Human Rights. We call upon the Philippines to provide and guarantee a safe and secure environment for all, including journalists and Human Rights defenders.</p> <p> Mr. President,</p> <p>We are encouraged by reports that the Government of the Philippines has indicated a willingness to cooperate with the UN to allow an objective assessment of the human rights situation in the country.</p> <p>We urge the Government of the Philippines to cooperate with the United Nations system - including the Human Rights Council and its special procedure mandate holders - without preconditions or limitations.</p> <p>I thank you</p> </div> <div> <p><em>On behalf of:&nbsp;</em></p> <div> <p>1.&nbsp; Australia<br /> 2.&nbsp; Austria<br /> 3.&nbsp; Belgium<br /> 4.&nbsp; Bulgaria<br /> 5.&nbsp; Canada<br /> 6.&nbsp; Croatia<br /> 7.&nbsp; Cyprus<br /> 8.&nbsp; Czech Republic<br /> 9.&nbsp; Denmark<br /> 10. Estonia<br /> 11. Finland<br /> 12. France<br /> 13. Georgia<br /> 14. Germany<br /> 15. Greece<br /> 16. Iceland<br /> 17. Ireland<br /> 18. Italy<br /> 19. Latvia<br /> 20. Liechtenstein<br /> 21. Lithuania<br /> 22. Luxembourg<br /> 23. Malta<br /> 24. Macedonia<br /> 25. Montenegro<br /> 26. Netherlands<br /> 27. New Zealand<br /> 28. Poland<br /> 29. Portugal<br /> 30. Romania<br /> 31. Slovakia<br /> 32. Slovenia<br /> 33. Spain<br /> 34. Sweden<br /> 35. Switzerland<br /> 36. Ukraine<br /> 37. United Kingdom<br /> 38. United States</p> </div> </div>

19.06.2018Ræða Íslands á 38. reglubundnum fundi mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna

<span></span> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: left;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;">Edda Björk Ragnarsdóttir, sérfræðingur, flutti í dag ræðu á í tengslum við umræðu sérfræðings Sameinuðu þjóðanna um kynhneigð og kynvitund</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: left;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;">&nbsp;</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">38th session of the Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">ID with IE on violence and discrimination based on SOGI</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Item 2</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">19 June 2018</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: center;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Delivered by Iceland</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">&nbsp;</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Thank you Mr. President</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Iceland congratulates Mr. Victor Madrigal-Barloz for assuming his position and thanks him for his work on this very important portfolio.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We are very gratified to receive this initial report which underlines the importance of the mandate of the Indipendent Expert, which Iceland fully supports. The fact that more than 3 billion people, almost half of the world’s population, live in one of 72 countries in which law or other measures criminalizes on the basis of sexual orientation is indicative of the size of the task ahead of us.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Mr. President,</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">I am happy to announce that earlier this year, Iceland became a member of the Equal Rights Coalition, a partnership of close to 40 countries with a particular focus on ensuring the full and equal enjoyment of rights by LGBTI people worldwide</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Iceland is committed to this goal. The current government aims to put Iceland in the front rank regarding LGBTI issues with ambitious legislation on self--determination based on gender awareness. Through legislation the government intends to lay down provisions under which individuals are able to determine their gender and gender identity; their gender awareness is to be respected, individuals are to enjoy the right to respect of their physical persons and equality before the law irrespective of their sexual orientation, gender awareness, gender characteristics and expression of their gender identity.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Question to the Independent Expert:</strong>&nbsp;In your report you highlight recent allegations of violence or violations against LGBT+ individuals in Chechnya, Republic of Korea, Azerbaijan, Egypt and Indonesia. Have you been able to communicate your concerns appropriately with the relevant national authorities and what has been their response?</p>

18.05.2018Ræða Íslands um ástand mannréttindamála í Palestínu

<span></span> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">Ávarp í mannréttindaráði Sameinuðu þjóðanna</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;">Genf, 18. maí 2018</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;"><em style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">As delivered by Ambassador Harald Aspelund, Permanent Representative of Iceland.</em></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Thank you, Mr President,</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Iceland is deeply concerned over the situation on the border between Israel and Gaza and regret the loss of lives. We urge political leaders on both sides to exercise restraint and avoid further violence and casualties.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">The right to freedom of expression is enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and while we would like to stress that Israel has the right to defend itself under attack and secure its borders against violent incursion, the exercise of that right must be proportionate.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">The use of live ammunition and of number of fatal casualties raises serious questions on the proportionality of the response, and call for an independent and transparent investigation into the incidents forthwith.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">At the same time, we urge Palestinian leaders not to inflame the situation further – any demonstration must be peaceful. Those who intentionally place civilians in harm's way are in breach of international law.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Iceland is committed to a two-state solution where Israel and a Palestinian state exist side-by-side in peace and security. This objective will not be reached if Israel continues its settlement policies and its blockade of Gaza, and if Hamas continues to use its position in Gaza to fan the flames of radicalism.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">A peace process needs urgently to be put back on track. Otherwise, we run the risk of violence continuing and conditions deteriorating even further.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">I thank you Mr. President.</p>

13.03.2018Norræn ræða um ástandið í Sýrlandi

<span></span> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;">Íslandi fluttii í dag fyrir hönd Norðurlandanna ræðu á 37. fundi mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna í Genf þar sem bein afleiðing ástandins í Sýrlandi, einkum í Austur-Ghouta á börn var hörmuð.</span></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Nordic comments on Syria (panel discussion on human rights of children in Syria)</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">13 March 2018&nbsp; - Human Rights Council</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">I have the honour to speak on behalf of the Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, and my own country Iceland.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">The already appalling humanitarian situation in Syria, in particular Eastern Ghouta, has deteriorated significantly. As a direct result, thousands of children have been killed or maimed, or suffer from acute malnourishment and profound trauma.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We have all been shocked by horrible footage of desperately ill and wounded children needing immediate evacuation from the hell they have been made to suffer.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">There is no group as vulnerable as children. Their suffering is particularly devastating because they represent the future.&nbsp; Despite the protection provided by international law, children are often separated from their families, driven from their homes, sexually abused or exploited in other ways. Syrian girls are now more vulnerable to child marriage; and access to basic services, like reproductive healthcare, is limited.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">It is unacceptable that schools are increasingly becoming targets of violent attacks. Too many Syrian children are out of school or have lost long periods of learning. All parties must ensure that schools remain open and a safe space for students.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">Mr. President</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">The Nordic countries call on all parties to the conflict, in particular the regime, to stop the deliberate targeting of civilians and civilian infrastructure and to ensure the protection of children. We further urge all parties, in particular the regime and its allies, to fully and immediately implement and respect Security Council resolution 2401 and cease all hostilities and ensure safe, sustained and unimpeded humanitarian access, as well as safe and unconditional medical evacuation of all those in need.</p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">I thank you.</p>

02.03.2018Ræða Íslands um ástandið í Sýrlandi

<span></span> <div style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;"><span style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;">Harald Aseplund, fastafulltrúi Íslands, flutti í dag ræðu á sérstökum fundi Mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna um ástandið í Sýrlandi</span></div> <div style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;"><strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Item 1 - Urgent Debate on situation in Eastern Ghouta</strong></div> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;"><br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> <strong style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">Statement by Iceland, 2 March 2018</strong></p> <p style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px 0px 28px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff;"><em style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: inherit; vertical-align: baseline;">As delivered by Ambassador Harald Aspelund, Permanent Representative of Iceland</em></p> <div class="p1" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;"><br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> Thank you Mr. President</div> <div class="p2" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">&nbsp;</div> <div class="p1" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">The tragic events in Syria have unfortunately, once again, called for an urgent reaction of this council. Last Monday our foreign minister expressed our deep concerns over the terrible suffering of civilians in the never-ending conflicts in Syria.<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> &nbsp;</div> <div class="p3" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">The Security Council on Saturday agreed on a ceasefire which is a step in the right direction. However, airstrikes, barrel bombs and artillery shelling were reported across eastern Ghouta this week. Has the Security Council resolution 2401 been fully implemented? No. Is there a ceasefire in Syria? No.<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> &nbsp;</div> <div class="p3" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">We condemn such a devoid of respect for international law.<span class="Apple-converted-space" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-style: inherit; font-variant: inherit; font-weight: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; font-family: inherit;"></span><br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> &nbsp;</div> <div class="p3" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">It is imperative that we do our utmost to pressure those responsible to bring the killing to a complete stop and allow for humanitarian access to take place. The world cannot stand by, yet again, while massacres are being committed in broad day light, and innocent women, children and men are killed indiscriminately.<br style="box-sizing: border-box;" /> &nbsp;</div> <div class="p3" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; border: 0px; font-variant-numeric: inherit; font-variant-east-asian: inherit; font-stretch: inherit; line-height: inherit; font-family: 'Open sans', sans-serif; font-size: 14px; vertical-align: baseline; color: #555555; background-color: #ffffff; text-align: justify;">I thank you.</div>

26.02.2018Ræða utanríkisráðherra á 37. reglubundnum fundi Mannréttindaráðs Sameinuðu þjóðanna

<p><span>Guðlaugur Þór Þórðarson utanríkisráðherra brýndi aðildarríki Sameinuðu þjóðanna til að virða grundvallarmannréttindi í ræðu sinni fyrir Mannréttindaráði S.þ. í morgun. Hann lýsti yfir þungum áhyggjum af ofbeldinu í Sýrlandi og Jemen og skoraði á stjórnvöld í Filippseyjum að heimila óháðum eftirlitsmönnum að kanna þar ástand mannréttindamála.</span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Mannréttindaráð Sameinuðu þjóðanna</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Ræða Guðlaugs Þórs Þórðarsonar utanríkisráðherra</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>Genf, 26. febrúar 2018</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,<br /> High Commissioner,<br /> Excellencies,<br /> Ladies and Gentlemen,</p> <p>This year, as we celebrate the seventieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it is appropriate to go back to basics.</p> <p>Article 1 pretty much says it all: “All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.”</p> <p>How can&nbsp;<em>anyone&nbsp;</em>object to the thought and meaning inherent in these words?</p> <p>Article 2 also states very clearly that “everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status”.</p> <p>Article 3 is short and to the point: “Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.”</p> <p>So is article 5: “No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”</p> <p>I am reciting some articles of this fundamental document because many of the issues facing this body, the Human Rights Council, would unfortunately suggest that not every member state of the United Nations is shouldering its responsibility - to fully respect the rights of all human beings under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.</p> <p>Governments were not coerced by the UN or anyone else into creating the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. It was created because it seemed imperative, after the horrors of the Second World War, to create a better world where everyone would have full and equal human rights.</p> <p>So why does not everyone live up to the ideals of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and why are we living in a period when, according to the High Commissioner, there is an increasing tendency to try and negate and deny the value of human rights?</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>I take this opportunity to recognize and applaud the work of the High Commissioner who has shown courage in speaking out about negative trends in the field of global human rights. And while I am an optimist by nature, and tend to try always to see the positive, one has to agree with the High Commissioner that we are falling short on too many fronts.</p> <p>But what can be done when states violate the commitments they have taken upon themselves to respect and who is to hold them accountable? Can we not agree that it is primarily<em>&nbsp;us</em>&nbsp;– other states that have taken upon ourselves to accept these obligations? We should not point towards the UN as some body unrelated to the states that make up its membership.&nbsp;<em>We</em>&nbsp;must hold&nbsp;<em>each other</em>&nbsp;to account.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>Last year, Iceland took the lead in this body in highlighting the human rights situation in the Philippines and were joined in our statements by close to 40 states.</p> <p>We shared our concerns over the methods, used by the Government of the Philippines, in their “war on drugs”, and we urged the Government to take all necessary measures to bring unlawful killings to an end, and to cooperate with the international community to pursue appropriate investigations in keeping with universal principles of democratic accountability and the rule of law.</p> <p>We welcome reports that the Philippines have indicated that they may be willing to cooperate with the UN to allow an objective assessment of the human rights situation in the country. We would like to take this opportunity to urge the Philippines to continue on that path and to accept, without preconditions or limitations, a visit from the UN Special Rapporteur and to cooperate with the Office of the High Commissioner to receive a mission by independent experts to conduct such an assessment without delay.</p> <p>The International Criminal Court announced earlier this month that it will conduct a preliminary examination into killings linked to the Philippine government’s “war on drugs.”</p> <p>This is an important development – but it does not take the responsibility away from this body to fulfill its duty to monitor, investigate and to deliberate, and take further steps, including a more formal Council initiative if the need arises, to try and ensure the Philippines meets its human rights obligations.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>It should be noted, that the Philippines is currently an elected member of the Human Rights Council.</p> <p>So too is the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, recently accused of widespread and arbitrary arrests through its use of counter-terrorism and security laws, and the persecution of human rights defenders for peacefully exercising their fundamental rights.</p> <p>So too is Venezuela, a country which has in recent months and years witnessed excessive use of force by security officers, and multiple other human rights violations, in the context of anti-Government protests.</p> <p>Egypt is also a member of the Council and yet the High Commissioner has recently informed us of reports of oppressive measures by the Government, including increasing waves of arrests, allegations of torture in detention, extra-judicial killings and restrictions on human rights defenders.</p> <p>States which join the Council should lead by example and expect their own human rights record to be subject to particular scrutiny during their time as members. If the Human Rights Council does not hold its own members to account to ensure they uphold the highest standards in the promotion and protection of human rights, then who will?</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>We are&nbsp;<em>deeply</em>&nbsp;concerned over the terrible suffering of civilians in the never-ending conflicts in Syria and in Yemen. Recent images from Ghouta in Syria, and similar news reports from Yemen, have provoked, once again, strong reactions. The Security Council on Saturday agreed on a ceasefire which is a step in the right direction. However, it is imperative that we do our utmost to pressure those responsible to bring the killing to a complete stop and allow for humanitarian access to take place. The world&nbsp;<em>cannot&nbsp;</em>stand by, yet again, while massacres are being committed in broad delight, and innocent women, children and men killed indiscriminately.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>Women's rights are human rights. For us, gender equality is a priority. For Icelanders it is a source of pride to be the frontrunner in the World Economic Forum's Global Gender Gap Index for the ninth year in a row. Ranking at the top is a confirmation of successes achieved in recent decades and inspires us to share with others, advocate changes and do better ourselves.</p> <p>My Government is committed to eradicating gender-based wage discrimination at home and, inspired by the global #metoo revolution, we aim to eradicate sexual violence, including in the cybersphere. We aim to ratify soon the Istanbul Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence.</p> <p>We will also continue to speak out, in this arena and elsewhere, on the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI). At home, my Government aims to pass ambitious legislation on self-determination based on gender awareness. Abroad, I am happy to say that we plan to accept an invitation to join the&nbsp;<em>Equal Rights Coalition</em>, a partnership of 35 countries, where we hope to work with other like-minded countries to promote and protect the fundamental rights of LGBTI individuals.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>Last autumn, Iceland chaired the UN General Assembly´s Third Committee and, in that capacity, we were proud to welcome to New York, for the first time, the Independent Expert on sexual orientation and gender identity - a function wisely established by this Council recently. During our chairmanship, the Committee passed almost sixty resolutions, some of them regular items, but others brand new - such as the resolution on the human rights situation in Myanmar.</p> <p>The Committee unfortunately faces some of the same challenges as the Human Rights Council with regards to its workload. We believe much can still be done to streamline and strengthen the coordination between the Third Committee and this Council to make our work for our common agenda more effective. We remain available to take part in any work to that effect.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Mr. President,</p> <p>As we celebrate the seventieth anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights we accept the challenge the High Commissioner has given us - to mobilize once more and strive to reach universal respect for, and observation of, the human rights and fundamental freedoms we so cherish.</p> <p>Thank you.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p>

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